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来源:这座太湖南边的宝藏小城让嘴巴好忙  作者:   发表时间:2019-05-19 21:29:01

  Infact,itdoesn'tseemtohaveactuallyoriginatedinGermanyatall,sincemostGermansdon'tpracticeit.其实这个传统并非来自德国,因为大多数德国人并不会在圣诞树上挂腌黄瓜状饰品。MajorLeagueBaseballandTencentHoldingsLimitedhaveformedanewstrategicpartnershiptolivestreamMLBgamesandMLBhighlightprogramsinChina.Tencent,aleadingproviderofcomprehensiveInternetServicesinChina,alsowillsupportandbroadcastMLBdevelopmentaleventstohelpgrowthesportofbaseballinChina.Thenewmulti-yearpartnershipwasannouncedonTuesdayatapressconferenceinBeijing.AstheOfficialDigitalBroadcastingPartnerofMLBinChina,Tencentwilllivestream125gamesincludingMLBJewelEventsonanexclusivebasisinthecountryonTencentPC,MobileandOTTplatforms.Tocelebratethenewpartnership,Tencent'sschedulewilllaunchwithSuperBaseballWeek,fiveconsecutivedaysofgamesfeaturingsomeofbaseball'stopstarsincludingMikeTrout,FranciscoLindor,KrisBryant,andCodyBellinger.Afterthefirstweek,TencentwilllivestreamregularseasongamesonWednesday,Thursday,SaturdayandSundayaswellastheAll-StarGamepresentedbyMastercard,T-MobileHomeRunDerby,andeverygameofthePostseasonandWorldSeries.ThetechnologyleaderalsowillbroadcastaseriesofMLBhighlightshowsincludingMLBBest,MLBVideoClipsandaChineseversionofThisWeekinBaseball."Tencenthascontinuedtocollaboratewiththeworld'stopsportsleaguessecuringbroadcastrightsforbasketball,soccer,tennis,wintersports,footballandnowbaseball,"saidTencentVicePresidentCaitlynChen."Inrecentyears,baseballhasdevelopedrapidlyinChina,whichwouldn'thappenwithoutMLB'sdedicatedpromotioninChinaforoveradecade.Inthefuture,withtheadvantageofTencent'sproductionandbroadcasting,refinedoperationalexcellenceandpowerfulsocialplatforms,wewillbringtheattentiontoMLBandbaseballinChinatoanewlevel."Aspartofthebroadalliance,TencentwillworkcloselywiththeleaguetohelpgrowbaseballinChinabysupportingandstreamingMLB'sextensivearrayofyouthbaseballanddevelopmentevents.TheChinesemediacompanywillbetheOfficialPartnerofMLBBaseballPark,abaseballroadshowthattravelstomajormetropolitanareasinChinaattractingmorethan3.5millionfansannually.Inaddition,TencentwillbroadcasttheMLBrealityshowPerfectPitch,CollegeLeaguegames,theMLBPlayBall!DiamondCupandotherMLBPlayBall!youthevents."AsMLBcontinuestoexpandtheparticipation,viewingandengagementofbaseballinChina,itiscriticaltopartnerwiththebestorganizationsinthecountrytoformmutuallybeneficialco-operations,"saidJimSmall,MLBVicePresident,AsiaPacific."WearethrilledtoteamwithTencent,thelargestandbestdistributorofdigitalsportscontentinChinaandacompanythatiswidelyadmiredaroundtheworld.WeareconfidentthattheassortmentofMLBgames,showsandeventsthatTencentwillstreamwillentertainmillionsofsportsfansinChinaandhelpcontinuetogrowthesport."TencentwillsupportMLBeffortsacrossitsextensivecollectionofproductsincludingqq.com,theTencentSportsappandotherplatforms.Alsoaspartoftheagreement,TencentwilldevelopandhostanMLBFanClubwherefansacrossChinacandiscuss,debateandcelebrateallaspectsofMajorLeagueBaseball.  在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。

  Heconvincedaguardtogivehimapickleasalastmeal,butheendedupsurviving.Afterbeingreleased,hehonoredthatpicklebystartinghisownfamilytraditionofhidingapickleinhisChristmastreeforthekids—sayingwhoeverfounditwouldhavethesamegoodfortunehedid.他说服一名看守给了他一颗腌黄瓜作为最后的一餐,但他最终活了下来。Accordingtoa2011editionofTampaBaymagazine,onelegendgoesthataGermanmannamedJohnLower,whowasborninBavariain1842,movedtotheU.S.andbecameillwhenhewasinprisonduringtheCivilWar.根据2011年《坦帕湾》杂志的一篇报道,有一种说法是,1842年出生在德国巴伐利亚约翰-洛厄来到美国后生病了,当时正处于美国内战时期,他被囚禁在监狱里。每件饰品都附带有一张卡片,讲述这个圣诞传统的故事。

  在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。MajorLeagueBaseballandTencentHoldingsLimitedhaveformedanewstrategicpartnershiptolivestreamMLBgamesandMLBhighlightprogramsinChina.Tencent,aleadingproviderofcomprehensiveInternetServicesinChina,alsowillsupportandbroadcastMLBdevelopmentaleventstohelpgrowthesportofbaseballinChina.Thenewmulti-yearpartnershipwasannouncedonTuesdayatapressconferenceinBeijing.AstheOfficialDigitalBroadcastingPartnerofMLBinChina,Tencentwilllivestream125gamesincludingMLBJewelEventsonanexclusivebasisinthecountryonTencentPC,MobileandOTTplatforms.Tocelebratethenewpartnership,Tencent'sschedulewilllaunchwithSuperBaseballWeek,fiveconsecutivedaysofgamesfeaturingsomeofbaseball'stopstarsincludingMikeTrout,FranciscoLindor,KrisBryant,andCodyBellinger.Afterthefirstweek,TencentwilllivestreamregularseasongamesonWednesday,Thursday,SaturdayandSundayaswellastheAll-StarGamepresentedbyMastercard,T-MobileHomeRunDerby,andeverygameofthePostseasonandWorldSeries.ThetechnologyleaderalsowillbroadcastaseriesofMLBhighlightshowsincludingMLBBest,MLBVideoClipsandaChineseversionofThisWeekinBaseball."Tencenthascontinuedtocollaboratewiththeworld'stopsportsleaguessecuringbroadcastrightsforbasketball,soccer,tennis,wintersports,footballandnowbaseball,"saidTencentVicePresidentCaitlynChen."Inrecentyears,baseballhasdevelopedrapidlyinChina,whichwouldn'thappenwithoutMLB'sdedicatedpromotioninChinaforoveradecade.Inthefuture,withtheadvantageofTencent'sproductionandbroadcasting,refinedoperationalexcellenceandpowerfulsocialplatforms,wewillbringtheattentiontoMLBandbaseballinChinatoanewlevel."Aspartofthebroadalliance,TencentwillworkcloselywiththeleaguetohelpgrowbaseballinChinabysupportingandstreamingMLB'sextensivearrayofyouthbaseballanddevelopmentevents.TheChinesemediacompanywillbetheOfficialPartnerofMLBBaseballPark,abaseballroadshowthattravelstomajormetropolitanareasinChinaattractingmorethan3.5millionfansannually.Inaddition,TencentwillbroadcasttheMLBrealityshowPerfectPitch,CollegeLeaguegames,theMLBPlayBall!DiamondCupandotherMLBPlayBall!youthevents."AsMLBcontinuestoexpandtheparticipation,viewingandengagementofbaseballinChina,itiscriticaltopartnerwiththebestorganizationsinthecountrytoformmutuallybeneficialco-operations,"saidJimSmall,MLBVicePresident,AsiaPacific."WearethrilledtoteamwithTencent,thelargestandbestdistributorofdigitalsportscontentinChinaandacompanythatiswidelyadmiredaroundtheworld.WeareconfidentthattheassortmentofMLBgames,showsandeventsthatTencentwillstreamwillentertainmillionsofsportsfansinChinaandhelpcontinuetogrowthesport."TencentwillsupportMLBeffortsacrossitsextensivecollectionofproductsincludingqq.com,theTencentSportsappandotherplatforms.Alsoaspartoftheagreement,TencentwilldevelopandhostanMLBFanClubwherefansacrossChinacandiscuss,debateandcelebrateallaspectsofMajorLeagueBaseball.  在1880年,这家商店开始进口饰品。

  MajorLeagueBaseballandTencentHoldingsLimitedhaveformedanewstrategicpartnershiptolivestreamMLBgamesandMLBhighlightprogramsinChina.Tencent,aleadingproviderofcomprehensiveInternetServicesinChina,alsowillsupportandbroadcastMLBdevelopmentaleventstohelpgrowthesportofbaseballinChina.Thenewmulti-yearpartnershipwasannouncedonTuesdayatapressconferenceinBeijing.AstheOfficialDigitalBroadcastingPartnerofMLBinChina,Tencentwilllivestream125gamesincludingMLBJewelEventsonanexclusivebasisinthecountryonTencentPC,MobileandOTTplatforms.Tocelebratethenewpartnership,Tencent'sschedulewilllaunchwithSuperBaseballWeek,fiveconsecutivedaysofgamesfeaturingsomeofbaseball'stopstarsincludingMikeTrout,FranciscoLindor,KrisBryant,andCodyBellinger.Afterthefirstweek,TencentwilllivestreamregularseasongamesonWednesday,Thursday,SaturdayandSundayaswellastheAll-StarGamepresentedbyMastercard,T-MobileHomeRunDerby,andeverygameofthePostseasonandWorldSeries.ThetechnologyleaderalsowillbroadcastaseriesofMLBhighlightshowsincludingMLBBest,MLBVideoClipsandaChineseversionofThisWeekinBaseball."Tencenthascontinuedtocollaboratewiththeworld'stopsportsleaguessecuringbroadcastrightsforbasketball,soccer,tennis,wintersports,footballandnowbaseball,"saidTencentVicePresidentCaitlynChen."Inrecentyears,baseballhasdevelopedrapidlyinChina,whichwouldn'thappenwithoutMLB'sdedicatedpromotioninChinaforoveradecade.Inthefuture,withtheadvantageofTencent'sproductionandbroadcasting,refinedoperationalexcellenceandpowerfulsocialplatforms,wewillbringtheattentiontoMLBandbaseballinChinatoanewlevel."Aspartofthebroadalliance,TencentwillworkcloselywiththeleaguetohelpgrowbaseballinChinabysupportingandstreamingMLB'sextensivearrayofyouthbaseballanddevelopmentevents.TheChinesemediacompanywillbetheOfficialPartnerofMLBBaseballPark,abaseballroadshowthattravelstomajormetropolitanareasinChinaattractingmorethan3.5millionfansannually.Inaddition,TencentwillbroadcasttheMLBrealityshowPerfectPitch,CollegeLeaguegames,theMLBPlayBall!DiamondCupandotherMLBPlayBall!youthevents."AsMLBcontinuestoexpandtheparticipation,viewingandengagementofbaseballinChina,itiscriticaltopartnerwiththebestorganizationsinthecountrytoformmutuallybeneficialco-operations,"saidJimSmall,MLBVicePresident,AsiaPacific."WearethrilledtoteamwithTencent,thelargestandbestdistributorofdigitalsportscontentinChinaandacompanythatiswidelyadmiredaroundtheworld.WeareconfidentthattheassortmentofMLBgames,showsandeventsthatTencentwillstreamwillentertainmillionsofsportsfansinChinaandhelpcontinuetogrowthesport."TencentwillsupportMLBeffortsacrossitsextensivecollectionofproductsincludingqq.com,theTencentSportsappandotherplatforms.Alsoaspartoftheagreement,TencentwilldevelopandhostanMLBFanClubwherefansacrossChinacandiscuss,debateandcelebrateallaspectsofMajorLeagueBaseball.  Thetraditioninvolveshidingthepickleornamentamongthebranches,andrewardingthechildwhofindsitwiththechancetoopengiftsfirst—or,alternatively,thatpersonsimplygetsgoodluckfortheyear.人们把腌黄瓜形状的装饰品藏在圣诞树的树枝里,哪个孩子首先在圣诞节找出它,就可以最先拆开礼物,或者预示着来年运气爆棚。Thetraditioninvolveshidingthepickleornamentamongthebranches,andrewardingthechildwhofindsitwiththechancetoopengiftsfirst—or,alternatively,thatpersonsimplygetsgoodluckfortheyear.人们把腌黄瓜形状的装饰品藏在圣诞树的树枝里,哪个孩子首先在圣诞节找出它,就可以最先拆开礼物,或者预示着来年运气爆棚。

  Whetherthetraditionisrealormanufactured,pickleornamentshavebecomequiteubiquitous.不管这个传统来自真实事件,还是被杜撰的,在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品已经非常流行。在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。Thetraditioninvolveshidingthepickleornamentamongthebranches,andrewardingthechildwhofindsitwiththechancetoopengiftsfirst—or,alternatively,thatpersonsimplygetsgoodluckfortheyear.人们把腌黄瓜形状的装饰品藏在圣诞树的树枝里,哪个孩子首先在圣诞节找出它,就可以最先拆开礼物,或者预示着来年运气爆棚。

  在1880年,这家商店开始进口饰品。在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。ThepracticeisfavoredbymanyEnglish-speakingfamilies,andisthoughttobeacenturies-oldtraditionbroughtoverfromGermany.很多英语国家的家庭都喜欢在圣诞树上挂腌黄瓜状装饰。

  Thesurveyfoundthat91percenthadneverevenheardofit.调查发现,91%的受访者从没听说过这个传统。Thetraditioninvolveshidingthepickleornamentamongthebranches,andrewardingthechildwhofindsitwiththechancetoopengiftsfirst—or,alternatively,thatpersonsimplygetsgoodluckfortheyear.人们把腌黄瓜形状的装饰品藏在圣诞树的树枝里,哪个孩子首先在圣诞节找出它,就可以最先拆开礼物,或者预示着来年运气爆棚。Ofcourse,thatstoryisalsounconfirmed,andcouldjustbeatalethatpoppeduptoexplainthepickleslateron.当然,这个说法也未经证实,仅能作为解释圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品这种传统的一个传说故事。

  Theoriginofthetradition,however,isabitmurky.但这个传统的起源却不太清楚。Whilewhimsicalfoodieornamentsshapedlikeavocadotoast,hotsauce,pancakes,andramenhavebecomepopularinrecentyears,pickleornamentsaren'tjustafad.尽管近年来开始流行在圣诞树上挂新奇的食物状饰品,比如形似牛油果吐司、辣酱、薄烤饼和拉面的装饰品,但在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品一直流传至今。AccordingtoWideOpenCountry,thewholepicklegamewasmostlikelyamarketingploytosellGermanglassornamentstoAmericans.ItwassaidtobeconcoctedbyF.W.Woolworthwhenthestorebeganimportingtheornamentsin1880.Eachonewouldcomewithacardthattoldthestoryofthetradition.据称,这一传统是伍尔沃斯公司创造出来的。

  Infact,itdoesn'tseemtohaveactuallyoriginatedinGermanyatall,sincemostGermansdon'tpracticeit.其实这个传统并非来自德国,因为大多数德国人并不会在圣诞树上挂腌黄瓜状饰品。ThepracticeisfavoredbymanyEnglish-speakingfamilies,andisthoughttobeacenturies-oldtraditionbroughtoverfromGermany.很多英语国家的家庭都喜欢在圣诞树上挂腌黄瓜状装饰。“Thefireiswarmandthewoolblanketissoft/Istayindoorswithmycat,”wrotepoetLuYou.AlreadybackintheSongdynasty,800yearsago,catswerecool.Today,theyevenhavetheirownBitcoin-likecurrency,CryptoKitties,nottomentiontheunalloyedloveofmillionsofChinese.“WhenIgetupeverymorning,thefirstthingIlookatismycat;shejustliesbesidesmypillow.Igiveherastroke…That’sthehappiestmomentofmyday,”saysChiYingxue,a20-somethingfromShenyang,Liaoningprovince,aboutherpet,LittleNine.“Iwouldn’tgetboredspendingawholedaywithher.Withmycat,IfeellikeIhavetheentireworld.”Fairlyinnocuous,aspet-ownersentimentsgo—yetinChina,anunbridledloveofcatscanbegroundsforreprimandbythestate.A2016editorialbyPeople’sDailyscoffedatcatownersas“havingnowheretodevotetheirinstinctofprotectingothers,sotheyaremorepronetopouringthatintocats.”Conflatingcat-ownershipwiththenotionof“empty-nestyouths”(空巢青年)—millennialsworkinginfirst-tiercities,typicallyunmarriedandlivingalone—thepartymouthpieceimpliedthatisolation,loneliness,andfeelingsofemptinesswerereasonsthatpeoplesoughtinteractionwithcats.Thepaperwasn’ttotallywrong:About79.5percentofpetownersinChinawereborninthe1980sor90s,andover51percentaresingle,accordingtothe2015“SurveyofChinesePetOwners’ConsumptionHabits”byGoumin.com,thecountry’sbiggestpetforum.Thecountry’sgrowingfascinationforfelinesisalsoundisputed:AccordingtoGoumin,asof2017,therewere59millionpetcatsinChina,partofanindustryworth134billionRMB.Thatworthisexpectedtoreach188.5millionRMBby2020.AccompanyingthedramaticincreaseisagrowingculturalobsessionwiththecreatureswhoonceinspiredShenZhenlin,imperialpainterofthelateQing,todedicateawholeseriesto“Cats.”Indeed,somefansnowevenobjecttothenotionoftheirbelovedcatsasmerepets.JapanesenovelistGenkiKawamurawritesinIfCatsDisappearedFromtheWorldthat“It’snothumanswhorearcats;it’scatswhodeigntostaywithhumans.”Ownersdeclarethemselves“slavestocats”(猫奴)and“excrementremovalofficers”(铲屎官);tointeractwiththeirpetisto“sniff”or“snortcats”(吸猫),anallusiontotheiraddictiveallure.Evennon-ownersarebesotted:Thephrase“raisingcatsinthecloud”(云养猫)referstoindulgingone’sfelinefantasiesvicariouslyonline,throughsharingpictures,memes,gifs,andvideos,orevenraisingvirtualcats.Foranumberofinternetusers,whohavebecomeprofessionalcatbloggers,gettingacatwasthefirststeptointernetfame.“HuiyiZhuanyongXiaomajia,”aWeiboaccountnowfollowedby29millionusers,originallystartedwithpicturesandvideosoftheblogger’sdogandaScottishFoldcat;it’snowrumoredthatXiaomajiacommands20,000RMBperadvertisement.Loulou,acatwiththededicatedWeiboaccount“LouBanNiang,”had760,000fanswhoenjoyedmakingmemesoutofthefeline’svideos,untilshefellsickinOctober2017.Acartoonstriptitled“Fight!Bestrong!Wearewaitinghereforyoutocomeback!”wassharedonWeiboonLoulou’sbehalfmorethan8,000times,thoughLouloudidn’tmakeit.However,whenChinesesingerZhangHanyunusedamemefeaturingthedeceasedfelinetowishherfriendahappybirthdayonWeibolaterthatyear,outragedLouloufansdenouncedthestarasheartlessandZhangwasforcedtodeleteherpost.Catsintheclouddon’thavetobereal,either.In2014,JapanesegamescompanyHit-PointintroducedNekoAtsume:KittyCollector,amobilegameinwhichplayerscanpurchasefood,toys,andfurnituretoattractavarietyofvirtualstraystotheirbackyard.ByJuly2017,thegamehadbeendownloadedover19milliontimes(cat-ownerChiisafan).Thatyear,afilmadaptation,TheHouseofCatCollection,receivedrapturousratingsonDouban.com.Oneuser,awardingafive-starrating,declared:“Allfivestarsbelongtothecats.Thisfilmshowsusonceagainhowthekittieshavetakenoverourplanet.”ThistakeoverwasmostapparentintheNovemberlaunchofCryptoKitties,ablockchain-basedgamethatisreportedlyplanningtoenterChinaasapotentialinvestmentopportunity.ThoughananticipatedChinesereleaseofCryptoKittiesbytheVancouver-baseddeveloper,AxiomZen,didnotmaterializeoverSpringFestival,severalknockoffversionsdidappearintheChineseAppStore,includingBlockCatsby360.CryptoKittiesallowsuserstoraise,breedandtradevirtualcatsontheEthereumnetworkusingcryptocurrency.EachCryptoKittyisownedbytheuser,validatedthroughtheblockchain,andhasagenerationnumberanduniquefeaturesdeterminedbyapartiallyclosedsourcealgorithm.Twocatscanbebredtogethertoproduceanewcatwithagreatergenerationnumber.Generally,acatwithalowergenerationnumberandrarerfeatureshashighervalues.Originallythoughttobeanattempttodeployblockchaintechnologyforrecreationalpurposes,CryptoKitties’popularityprovedeye-popping.AccordingtoETHGasStation,withinaweekofrelease,itwashogging11percentoftransactionsonEthereum,ablockchainnetwork;atthetimeofpress,playershadspentmorethan19millionUSDtradingcartoonkittens,withthemostexpensivechanginghandsforabout110,000USD,accordingtothird-partydatasiteCryptoKittiesSales.TheburgeoningpopularitysuggeststhatChinaisembracingtheideaof“nekonomics,”firstmintedbyJapaneseeconomistsin2015todescriberecession-proofbusinessesthattradesonfelinefascination.Combiningthe“economics”andtheJapanesefor“cat,”nekonomicstrategiesrangefromputtingakittystationmasteronatrainlinetotemplesthatlittertheirgroundswithcatstatuettes,allofwhichattractcustomers,thoughtheymayhavenothingtodowiththebusinessitself.Thesegimmicksalsofuelasupplementarymarketforcat-videosharingapps,petstores,andkittymerchandise.Catcafes,wherecoffeeloversreclinewithfelinecompanions,havelongbeenpopularonthemainland.CatTalesCoffee,arguablyBeijing’sfirstcatcafestartedin2011.LocatedinanarrowlaneoffDonggongStreet,thecafe’s40catsfrom15differentbreedsslinkandpurrtheirwaybetweentablelegsandcustomers.Thefriskyfelinesoftenupsetbeveragesandsteponcakes,butfewcustomersseemtomind.“Everyonewhocomesherelovescats,”ownerMr.YuantellsTWOC.AccordingtoYuan,theoperatingcostsofabusinesslikehis“aretwicethatofnormalcafes,mostlyspentonthecats…food,catlitter,andpersonnel.”Aftersevenyearsinbusiness,though,Yuanhasbecomepartofacateconomyofhisown—operatingapetstorealongsidehiscafe,andaWeiboaccountwherehesharepicturesofhiscatswithmorethan32,000followers.HehasevenplayedaprobableroleinstimulatingthetradeinrarecatbreedslikeAbyssiniansinBeijing.“ThereweremaybeonlythreebreederswhenIstarted[thecafe],butnow…moreandmorecustomersarecomingintoinquireaboutAbyssiniancats.”AtanothercatcafeintheSanlitunneighborhood,thestaffreportthatthere’satleast“oneincidenteveryday”whenanover-eagercustomermeetstheclawsofanannoyedcat,butforailurophileswhocan’tindulgetheirpassionathome,theserisksarejustaddedrealism.“Ilovecatssomuch,butIcan’thaveoneathome,becausemyparentsareallergic,”explainsa21-year-oldrepeatcustomersurnamedWang.“Idon’tthinkraisingacatinthe‘cloud’ismeaningful.To‘sniff’acat,youhavetoholditwithyourownhands.”Yuan’sexperiencesconfirmthatyouthsarethedriversbehindChina’scateconomy.“Mostofourcustomersareyoung,fromteenagerstothoseintheirearly30s,”hesays.“Whentheyhavetime,theycometothecafe;whentheyarebusy,theyresorttotheinternet.Theymustfindawaytogetclosetocats.”Ina2016interviewwithJapanBullet,analystMasahiroYotsumototracedtherootsofJapan’scateconomytotwo“opposingaspects”ofcontemporaryinternetculture—connectivity,andburnoutfrombeingover-connected:“Catscandowhatevertheywantandstillcharmtheirowners.That’swhythey’resocaptivating.”Surprisingly,thePeople’sDailyeditorialonempty-nestyouthsagreed,likeningfelinestoaprojectionofthemillennialego:“Catsdon’tneedtobewalked,areneverclingy,andarenocturnal…thesehabitsfitwellwithyouthswhocontinuallycallforindependence,stayuplate,andleadanon-traditionallife.”Ontheotherhand,“Catsusuallywon’tspareaglanceforanythingaroundthem,includingtheirowners.Youngpeopleadoptsuchproudattitudestoexpresstheirownfeelings.”Thefactthatmillennialsarespendingtheirleisurehoursfondlingrealandvirtualfelines—insteadofsocializing,gettingmarried,orbuyingahouse—isunpalatabletoastatekeentoensurestabilityandeducatethenextgenerationinsocialistvalues.“Theprocessofraisinga‘catinthecloud’ismoreaboutyoungpeoplecommunicatingwiththemselves,ratherthaninteractingwithcats,”thenewspaperultimatelyconcluded.Cat-loverslikeChiscoffatthemoralpanic.“Theyalwaystrytomakeusouttobepathetic,”shesays,but“there’snocomplicatedtheory”behindher—justtheloveofasoft,furrycompaniononherlap.AsYuanobserves,“Atfirst,[my]customersknewnothingaboutthecats,butnowmanycannamedifferentbreeds.”Orasasatiricalmemeforcat-loversputsit,“Sniffacatonce,andspendyourwholelifetryingtoquit.”“TailsfromtheCrypto”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby

  “Thefireiswarmandthewoolblanketissoft/Istayindoorswithmycat,”wrotepoetLuYou.AlreadybackintheSongdynasty,800yearsago,catswerecool.Today,theyevenhavetheirownBitcoin-likecurrency,CryptoKitties,nottomentiontheunalloyedloveofmillionsofChinese.“WhenIgetupeverymorning,thefirstthingIlookatismycat;shejustliesbesidesmypillow.Igiveherastroke…That’sthehappiestmomentofmyday,”saysChiYingxue,a20-somethingfromShenyang,Liaoningprovince,aboutherpet,LittleNine.“Iwouldn’tgetboredspendingawholedaywithher.Withmycat,IfeellikeIhavetheentireworld.”Fairlyinnocuous,aspet-ownersentimentsgo—yetinChina,anunbridledloveofcatscanbegroundsforreprimandbythestate.A2016editorialbyPeople’sDailyscoffedatcatownersas“havingnowheretodevotetheirinstinctofprotectingothers,sotheyaremorepronetopouringthatintocats.”Conflatingcat-ownershipwiththenotionof“empty-nestyouths”(空巢青年)—millennialsworkinginfirst-tiercities,typicallyunmarriedandlivingalone—thepartymouthpieceimpliedthatisolation,loneliness,andfeelingsofemptinesswerereasonsthatpeoplesoughtinteractionwithcats.Thepaperwasn’ttotallywrong:About79.5percentofpetownersinChinawereborninthe1980sor90s,andover51percentaresingle,accordingtothe2015“SurveyofChinesePetOwners’ConsumptionHabits”byGoumin.com,thecountry’sbiggestpetforum.Thecountry’sgrowingfascinationforfelinesisalsoundisputed:AccordingtoGoumin,asof2017,therewere59millionpetcatsinChina,partofanindustryworth134billionRMB.Thatworthisexpectedtoreach188.5millionRMBby2020.AccompanyingthedramaticincreaseisagrowingculturalobsessionwiththecreatureswhoonceinspiredShenZhenlin,imperialpainterofthelateQing,todedicateawholeseriesto“Cats.”Indeed,somefansnowevenobjecttothenotionoftheirbelovedcatsasmerepets.JapanesenovelistGenkiKawamurawritesinIfCatsDisappearedFromtheWorldthat“It’snothumanswhorearcats;it’scatswhodeigntostaywithhumans.”Ownersdeclarethemselves“slavestocats”(猫奴)and“excrementremovalofficers”(铲屎官);tointeractwiththeirpetisto“sniff”or“snortcats”(吸猫),anallusiontotheiraddictiveallure.Evennon-ownersarebesotted:Thephrase“raisingcatsinthecloud”(云养猫)referstoindulgingone’sfelinefantasiesvicariouslyonline,throughsharingpictures,memes,gifs,andvideos,orevenraisingvirtualcats.Foranumberofinternetusers,whohavebecomeprofessionalcatbloggers,gettingacatwasthefirststeptointernetfame.“HuiyiZhuanyongXiaomajia,”aWeiboaccountnowfollowedby29millionusers,originallystartedwithpicturesandvideosoftheblogger’sdogandaScottishFoldcat;it’snowrumoredthatXiaomajiacommands20,000RMBperadvertisement.Loulou,acatwiththededicatedWeiboaccount“LouBanNiang,”had760,000fanswhoenjoyedmakingmemesoutofthefeline’svideos,untilshefellsickinOctober2017.Acartoonstriptitled“Fight!Bestrong!Wearewaitinghereforyoutocomeback!”wassharedonWeiboonLoulou’sbehalfmorethan8,000times,thoughLouloudidn’tmakeit.However,whenChinesesingerZhangHanyunusedamemefeaturingthedeceasedfelinetowishherfriendahappybirthdayonWeibolaterthatyear,outragedLouloufansdenouncedthestarasheartlessandZhangwasforcedtodeleteherpost.Catsintheclouddon’thavetobereal,either.In2014,JapanesegamescompanyHit-PointintroducedNekoAtsume:KittyCollector,amobilegameinwhichplayerscanpurchasefood,toys,andfurnituretoattractavarietyofvirtualstraystotheirbackyard.ByJuly2017,thegamehadbeendownloadedover19milliontimes(cat-ownerChiisafan).Thatyear,afilmadaptation,TheHouseofCatCollection,receivedrapturousratingsonDouban.com.Oneuser,awardingafive-starrating,declared:“Allfivestarsbelongtothecats.Thisfilmshowsusonceagainhowthekittieshavetakenoverourplanet.”ThistakeoverwasmostapparentintheNovemberlaunchofCryptoKitties,ablockchain-basedgamethatisreportedlyplanningtoenterChinaasapotentialinvestmentopportunity.ThoughananticipatedChinesereleaseofCryptoKittiesbytheVancouver-baseddeveloper,AxiomZen,didnotmaterializeoverSpringFestival,severalknockoffversionsdidappearintheChineseAppStore,includingBlockCatsby360.CryptoKittiesallowsuserstoraise,breedandtradevirtualcatsontheEthereumnetworkusingcryptocurrency.EachCryptoKittyisownedbytheuser,validatedthroughtheblockchain,andhasagenerationnumberanduniquefeaturesdeterminedbyapartiallyclosedsourcealgorithm.Twocatscanbebredtogethertoproduceanewcatwithagreatergenerationnumber.Generally,acatwithalowergenerationnumberandrarerfeatureshashighervalues.Originallythoughttobeanattempttodeployblockchaintechnologyforrecreationalpurposes,CryptoKitties’popularityprovedeye-popping.AccordingtoETHGasStation,withinaweekofrelease,itwashogging11percentoftransactionsonEthereum,ablockchainnetwork;atthetimeofpress,playershadspentmorethan19millionUSDtradingcartoonkittens,withthemostexpensivechanginghandsforabout110,000USD,accordingtothird-partydatasiteCryptoKittiesSales.TheburgeoningpopularitysuggeststhatChinaisembracingtheideaof“nekonomics,”firstmintedbyJapaneseeconomistsin2015todescriberecession-proofbusinessesthattradesonfelinefascination.Combiningthe“economics”andtheJapanesefor“cat,”nekonomicstrategiesrangefromputtingakittystationmasteronatrainlinetotemplesthatlittertheirgroundswithcatstatuettes,allofwhichattractcustomers,thoughtheymayhavenothingtodowiththebusinessitself.Thesegimmicksalsofuelasupplementarymarketforcat-videosharingapps,petstores,andkittymerchandise.Catcafes,wherecoffeeloversreclinewithfelinecompanions,havelongbeenpopularonthemainland.CatTalesCoffee,arguablyBeijing’sfirstcatcafestartedin2011.LocatedinanarrowlaneoffDonggongStreet,thecafe’s40catsfrom15differentbreedsslinkandpurrtheirwaybetweentablelegsandcustomers.Thefriskyfelinesoftenupsetbeveragesandsteponcakes,butfewcustomersseemtomind.“Everyonewhocomesherelovescats,”ownerMr.YuantellsTWOC.AccordingtoYuan,theoperatingcostsofabusinesslikehis“aretwicethatofnormalcafes,mostlyspentonthecats…food,catlitter,andpersonnel.”Aftersevenyearsinbusiness,though,Yuanhasbecomepartofacateconomyofhisown—operatingapetstorealongsidehiscafe,andaWeiboaccountwherehesharepicturesofhiscatswithmorethan32,000followers.HehasevenplayedaprobableroleinstimulatingthetradeinrarecatbreedslikeAbyssiniansinBeijing.“ThereweremaybeonlythreebreederswhenIstarted[thecafe],butnow…moreandmorecustomersarecomingintoinquireaboutAbyssiniancats.”AtanothercatcafeintheSanlitunneighborhood,thestaffreportthatthere’satleast“oneincidenteveryday”whenanover-eagercustomermeetstheclawsofanannoyedcat,butforailurophileswhocan’tindulgetheirpassionathome,theserisksarejustaddedrealism.“Ilovecatssomuch,butIcan’thaveoneathome,becausemyparentsareallergic,”explainsa21-year-oldrepeatcustomersurnamedWang.“Idon’tthinkraisingacatinthe‘cloud’ismeaningful.To‘sniff’acat,youhavetoholditwithyourownhands.”Yuan’sexperiencesconfirmthatyouthsarethedriversbehindChina’scateconomy.“Mostofourcustomersareyoung,fromteenagerstothoseintheirearly30s,”hesays.“Whentheyhavetime,theycometothecafe;whentheyarebusy,theyresorttotheinternet.Theymustfindawaytogetclosetocats.”Ina2016interviewwithJapanBullet,analystMasahiroYotsumototracedtherootsofJapan’scateconomytotwo“opposingaspects”ofcontemporaryinternetculture—connectivity,andburnoutfrombeingover-connected:“Catscandowhatevertheywantandstillcharmtheirowners.That’swhythey’resocaptivating.”Surprisingly,thePeople’sDailyeditorialonempty-nestyouthsagreed,likeningfelinestoaprojectionofthemillennialego:“Catsdon’tneedtobewalked,areneverclingy,andarenocturnal…thesehabitsfitwellwithyouthswhocontinuallycallforindependence,stayuplate,andleadanon-traditionallife.”Ontheotherhand,“Catsusuallywon’tspareaglanceforanythingaroundthem,includingtheirowners.Youngpeopleadoptsuchproudattitudestoexpresstheirownfeelings.”Thefactthatmillennialsarespendingtheirleisurehoursfondlingrealandvirtualfelines—insteadofsocializing,gettingmarried,orbuyingahouse—isunpalatabletoastatekeentoensurestabilityandeducatethenextgenerationinsocialistvalues.“Theprocessofraisinga‘catinthecloud’ismoreaboutyoungpeoplecommunicatingwiththemselves,ratherthaninteractingwithcats,”thenewspaperultimatelyconcluded.Cat-loverslikeChiscoffatthemoralpanic.“Theyalwaystrytomakeusouttobepathetic,”shesays,but“there’snocomplicatedtheory”behindher—justtheloveofasoft,furrycompaniononherlap.AsYuanobserves,“Atfirst,[my]customersknewnothingaboutthecats,butnowmanycannamedifferentbreeds.”Orasasatiricalmemeforcat-loversputsit,“Sniffacatonce,andspendyourwholelifetryingtoquit.”“TailsfromtheCrypto”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.ArticlebyEveryyear,familiesacrosstheU.S.andtheUKhangupquirkylittlepickle-shapedornamentswhenitcomestimetotrimtheirChristmastrees.每年圣诞节,美国和英国的家庭都会在圣诞树上挂上新奇有趣的腌黄瓜状小饰品。每件饰品都附带有一张卡片,讲述这个圣诞传统的故事。

  A2016NewYorkTimesarticlepointedtoaYouGovpoll,inwhich2,057GermanswereaskedabouttheChristmaspickle.2016年《纽约时报》曾报道称,舆观调查网就圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品的传统,向2057位德国人展开了调查。据说这个传统来自德国,已经有几百年历史。Thesurveyfoundthat91percenthadneverevenheardofit.调查发现,91%的受访者从没听说过这个传统。

  A2016NewYorkTimesarticlepointedtoaYouGovpoll,inwhich2,057GermanswereaskedabouttheChristmaspickle.2016年《纽约时报》曾报道称,舆观调查网就圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品的传统,向2057位德国人展开了调查。据说这个传统来自德国,已经有几百年历史。Whilewhimsicalfoodieornamentsshapedlikeavocadotoast,hotsauce,pancakes,andramenhavebecomepopularinrecentyears,pickleornamentsaren'tjustafad.尽管近年来开始流行在圣诞树上挂新奇的食物状饰品,比如形似牛油果吐司、辣酱、薄烤饼和拉面的装饰品,但在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品一直流传至今。

  AccordingtoWideOpenCountry,thewholepicklegamewasmostlikelyamarketingploytosellGermanglassornamentstoAmericans.ItwassaidtobeconcoctedbyF.W.Woolworthwhenthestorebeganimportingtheornamentsin1880.Eachonewouldcomewithacardthattoldthestoryofthetradition.据称,这一传统是伍尔沃斯公司创造出来的。每件饰品都附带有一张卡片,讲述这个圣诞传统的故事。“Thefireiswarmandthewoolblanketissoft/Istayindoorswithmycat,”wrotepoetLuYou.AlreadybackintheSongdynasty,800yearsago,catswerecool.Today,theyevenhavetheirownBitcoin-likecurrency,CryptoKitties,nottomentiontheunalloyedloveofmillionsofChinese.“WhenIgetupeverymorning,thefirstthingIlookatismycat;shejustliesbesidesmypillow.Igiveherastroke…That’sthehappiestmomentofmyday,”saysChiYingxue,a20-somethingfromShenyang,Liaoningprovince,aboutherpet,LittleNine.“Iwouldn’tgetboredspendingawholedaywithher.Withmycat,IfeellikeIhavetheentireworld.”Fairlyinnocuous,aspet-ownersentimentsgo—yetinChina,anunbridledloveofcatscanbegroundsforreprimandbythestate.A2016editorialbyPeople’sDailyscoffedatcatownersas“havingnowheretodevotetheirinstinctofprotectingothers,sotheyaremorepronetopouringthatintocats.”Conflatingcat-ownershipwiththenotionof“empty-nestyouths”(空巢青年)—millennialsworkinginfirst-tiercities,typicallyunmarriedandlivingalone—thepartymouthpieceimpliedthatisolation,loneliness,andfeelingsofemptinesswerereasonsthatpeoplesoughtinteractionwithcats.Thepaperwasn’ttotallywrong:About79.5percentofpetownersinChinawereborninthe1980sor90s,andover51percentaresingle,accordingtothe2015“SurveyofChinesePetOwners’ConsumptionHabits”byGoumin.com,thecountry’sbiggestpetforum.Thecountry’sgrowingfascinationforfelinesisalsoundisputed:AccordingtoGoumin,asof2017,therewere59millionpetcatsinChina,partofanindustryworth134billionRMB.Thatworthisexpectedtoreach188.5millionRMBby2020.AccompanyingthedramaticincreaseisagrowingculturalobsessionwiththecreatureswhoonceinspiredShenZhenlin,imperialpainterofthelateQing,todedicateawholeseriesto“Cats.”Indeed,somefansnowevenobjecttothenotionoftheirbelovedcatsasmerepets.JapanesenovelistGenkiKawamurawritesinIfCatsDisappearedFromtheWorldthat“It’snothumanswhorearcats;it’scatswhodeigntostaywithhumans.”Ownersdeclarethemselves“slavestocats”(猫奴)and“excrementremovalofficers”(铲屎官);tointeractwiththeirpetisto“sniff”or“snortcats”(吸猫),anallusiontotheiraddictiveallure.Evennon-ownersarebesotted:Thephrase“raisingcatsinthecloud”(云养猫)referstoindulgingone’sfelinefantasiesvicariouslyonline,throughsharingpictures,memes,gifs,andvideos,orevenraisingvirtualcats.Foranumberofinternetusers,whohavebecomeprofessionalcatbloggers,gettingacatwasthefirststeptointernetfame.“HuiyiZhuanyongXiaomajia,”aWeiboaccountnowfollowedby29millionusers,originallystartedwithpicturesandvideosoftheblogger’sdogandaScottishFoldcat;it’snowrumoredthatXiaomajiacommands20,000RMBperadvertisement.Loulou,acatwiththededicatedWeiboaccount“LouBanNiang,”had760,000fanswhoenjoyedmakingmemesoutofthefeline’svideos,untilshefellsickinOctober2017.Acartoonstriptitled“Fight!Bestrong!Wearewaitinghereforyoutocomeback!”wassharedonWeiboonLoulou’sbehalfmorethan8,000times,thoughLouloudidn’tmakeit.However,whenChinesesingerZhangHanyunusedamemefeaturingthedeceasedfelinetowishherfriendahappybirthdayonWeibolaterthatyear,outragedLouloufansdenouncedthestarasheartlessandZhangwasforcedtodeleteherpost.Catsintheclouddon’thavetobereal,either.In2014,JapanesegamescompanyHit-PointintroducedNekoAtsume:KittyCollector,amobilegameinwhichplayerscanpurchasefood,toys,andfurnituretoattractavarietyofvirtualstraystotheirbackyard.ByJuly2017,thegamehadbeendownloadedover19milliontimes(cat-ownerChiisafan).Thatyear,afilmadaptation,TheHouseofCatCollection,receivedrapturousratingsonDouban.com.Oneuser,awardingafive-starrating,declared:“Allfivestarsbelongtothecats.Thisfilmshowsusonceagainhowthekittieshavetakenoverourplanet.”ThistakeoverwasmostapparentintheNovemberlaunchofCryptoKitties,ablockchain-basedgamethatisreportedlyplanningtoenterChinaasapotentialinvestmentopportunity.ThoughananticipatedChinesereleaseofCryptoKittiesbytheVancouver-baseddeveloper,AxiomZen,didnotmaterializeoverSpringFestival,severalknockoffversionsdidappearintheChineseAppStore,includingBlockCatsby360.CryptoKittiesallowsuserstoraise,breedandtradevirtualcatsontheEthereumnetworkusingcryptocurrency.EachCryptoKittyisownedbytheuser,validatedthroughtheblockchain,andhasagenerationnumberanduniquefeaturesdeterminedbyapartiallyclosedsourcealgorithm.Twocatscanbebredtogethertoproduceanewcatwithagreatergenerationnumber.Generally,acatwithalowergenerationnumberandrarerfeatureshashighervalues.Originallythoughttobeanattempttodeployblockchaintechnologyforrecreationalpurposes,CryptoKitties’popularityprovedeye-popping.AccordingtoETHGasStation,withinaweekofrelease,itwashogging11percentoftransactionsonEthereum,ablockchainnetwork;atthetimeofpress,playershadspentmorethan19millionUSDtradingcartoonkittens,withthemostexpensivechanginghandsforabout110,000USD,accordingtothird-partydatasiteCryptoKittiesSales.TheburgeoningpopularitysuggeststhatChinaisembracingtheideaof“nekonomics,”firstmintedbyJapaneseeconomistsin2015todescriberecession-proofbusinessesthattradesonfelinefascination.Combiningthe“economics”andtheJapanesefor“cat,”nekonomicstrategiesrangefromputtingakittystationmasteronatrainlinetotemplesthatlittertheirgroundswithcatstatuettes,allofwhichattractcustomers,thoughtheymayhavenothingtodowiththebusinessitself.Thesegimmicksalsofuelasupplementarymarketforcat-videosharingapps,petstores,andkittymerchandise.Catcafes,wherecoffeeloversreclinewithfelinecompanions,havelongbeenpopularonthemainland.CatTalesCoffee,arguablyBeijing’sfirstcatcafestartedin2011.LocatedinanarrowlaneoffDonggongStreet,thecafe’s40catsfrom15differentbreedsslinkandpurrtheirwaybetweentablelegsandcustomers.Thefriskyfelinesoftenupsetbeveragesandsteponcakes,butfewcustomersseemtomind.“Everyonewhocomesherelovescats,”ownerMr.YuantellsTWOC.AccordingtoYuan,theoperatingcostsofabusinesslikehis“aretwicethatofnormalcafes,mostlyspentonthecats…food,catlitter,andpersonnel.”Aftersevenyearsinbusiness,though,Yuanhasbecomepartofacateconomyofhisown—operatingapetstorealongsidehiscafe,andaWeiboaccountwherehesharepicturesofhiscatswithmorethan32,000followers.HehasevenplayedaprobableroleinstimulatingthetradeinrarecatbreedslikeAbyssiniansinBeijing.“ThereweremaybeonlythreebreederswhenIstarted[thecafe],butnow…moreandmorecustomersarecomingintoinquireaboutAbyssiniancats.”AtanothercatcafeintheSanlitunneighborhood,thestaffreportthatthere’satleast“oneincidenteveryday”whenanover-eagercustomermeetstheclawsofanannoyedcat,butforailurophileswhocan’tindulgetheirpassionathome,theserisksarejustaddedrealism.“Ilovecatssomuch,butIcan’thaveoneathome,becausemyparentsareallergic,”explainsa21-year-oldrepeatcustomersurnamedWang.“Idon’tthinkraisingacatinthe‘cloud’ismeaningful.To‘sniff’acat,youhavetoholditwithyourownhands.”Yuan’sexperiencesconfirmthatyouthsarethedriversbehindChina’scateconomy.“Mostofourcustomersareyoung,fromteenagerstothoseintheirearly30s,”hesays.“Whentheyhavetime,theycometothecafe;whentheyarebusy,theyresorttotheinternet.Theymustfindawaytogetclosetocats.”Ina2016interviewwithJapanBullet,analystMasahiroYotsumototracedtherootsofJapan’scateconomytotwo“opposingaspects”ofcontemporaryinternetculture—connectivity,andburnoutfrombeingover-connected:“Catscandowhatevertheywantandstillcharmtheirowners.That’swhythey’resocaptivating.”Surprisingly,thePeople’sDailyeditorialonempty-nestyouthsagreed,likeningfelinestoaprojectionofthemillennialego:“Catsdon’tneedtobewalked,areneverclingy,andarenocturnal…thesehabitsfitwellwithyouthswhocontinuallycallforindependence,stayuplate,andleadanon-traditionallife.”Ontheotherhand,“Catsusuallywon’tspareaglanceforanythingaroundthem,includingtheirowners.Youngpeopleadoptsuchproudattitudestoexpresstheirownfeelings.”Thefactthatmillennialsarespendingtheirleisurehoursfondlingrealandvirtualfelines—insteadofsocializing,gettingmarried,orbuyingahouse—isunpalatabletoastatekeentoensurestabilityandeducatethenextgenerationinsocialistvalues.“Theprocessofraisinga‘catinthecloud’ismoreaboutyoungpeoplecommunicatingwiththemselves,ratherthaninteractingwithcats,”thenewspaperultimatelyconcluded.Cat-loverslikeChiscoffatthemoralpanic.“Theyalwaystrytomakeusouttobepathetic,”shesays,but“there’snocomplicatedtheory”behindher—justtheloveofasoft,furrycompaniononherlap.AsYuanobserves,“Atfirst,[my]customersknewnothingaboutthecats,butnowmanycannamedifferentbreeds.”Orasasatiricalmemeforcat-loversputsit,“Sniffacatonce,andspendyourwholelifetryingtoquit.”“TailsfromtheCrypto”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby

  Everyyear,familiesacrosstheU.S.andtheUKhangupquirkylittlepickle-shapedornamentswhenitcomestimetotrimtheirChristmastrees.每年圣诞节,美国和英国的家庭都会在圣诞树上挂上新奇有趣的腌黄瓜状小饰品。ThepracticeisfavoredbymanyEnglish-speakingfamilies,andisthoughttobeacenturies-oldtraditionbroughtoverfromGermany.很多英语国家的家庭都喜欢在圣诞树上挂腌黄瓜状装饰。Accordingtoa2011editionofTampaBaymagazine,onelegendgoesthataGermanmannamedJohnLower,whowasborninBavariain1842,movedtotheU.S.andbecameillwhenhewasinprisonduringtheCivilWar.根据2011年《坦帕湾》杂志的一篇报道,有一种说法是,1842年出生在德国巴伐利亚约翰-洛厄来到美国后生病了,当时正处于美国内战时期,他被囚禁在监狱里。

  Anothertheoryisthatthetraditionofhangingapickledidn'tactuallystartinGermany,butwithaGermanimmigrantintheU.S..另一种说法是,这一传统并非源自德国,而是来自美国的一位德国移民。据说这个传统来自德国,已经有几百年历史。在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。

  Heconvincedaguardtogivehimapickleasalastmeal,butheendedupsurviving.Afterbeingreleased,hehonoredthatpicklebystartinghisownfamilytraditionofhidingapickleinhisChristmastreeforthekids—sayingwhoeverfounditwouldhavethesamegoodfortunehedid.他说服一名看守给了他一颗腌黄瓜作为最后的一餐,但他最终活了下来。“Thefireiswarmandthewoolblanketissoft/Istayindoorswithmycat,”wrotepoetLuYou.AlreadybackintheSongdynasty,800yearsago,catswerecool.Today,theyevenhavetheirownBitcoin-likecurrency,CryptoKitties,nottomentiontheunalloyedloveofmillionsofChinese.“WhenIgetupeverymorning,thefirstthingIlookatismycat;shejustliesbesidesmypillow.Igiveherastroke…That’sthehappiestmomentofmyday,”saysChiYingxue,a20-somethingfromShenyang,Liaoningprovince,aboutherpet,LittleNine.“Iwouldn’tgetboredspendingawholedaywithher.Withmycat,IfeellikeIhavetheentireworld.”Fairlyinnocuous,aspet-ownersentimentsgo—yetinChina,anunbridledloveofcatscanbegroundsforreprimandbythestate.A2016editorialbyPeople’sDailyscoffedatcatownersas“havingnowheretodevotetheirinstinctofprotectingothers,sotheyaremorepronetopouringthatintocats.”Conflatingcat-ownershipwiththenotionof“empty-nestyouths”(空巢青年)—millennialsworkinginfirst-tiercities,typicallyunmarriedandlivingalone—thepartymouthpieceimpliedthatisolation,loneliness,andfeelingsofemptinesswerereasonsthatpeoplesoughtinteractionwithcats.Thepaperwasn’ttotallywrong:About79.5percentofpetownersinChinawereborninthe1980sor90s,andover51percentaresingle,accordingtothe2015“SurveyofChinesePetOwners’ConsumptionHabits”byGoumin.com,thecountry’sbiggestpetforum.Thecountry’sgrowingfascinationforfelinesisalsoundisputed:AccordingtoGoumin,asof2017,therewere59millionpetcatsinChina,partofanindustryworth134billionRMB.Thatworthisexpectedtoreach188.5millionRMBby2020.AccompanyingthedramaticincreaseisagrowingculturalobsessionwiththecreatureswhoonceinspiredShenZhenlin,imperialpainterofthelateQing,todedicateawholeseriesto“Cats.”Indeed,somefansnowevenobjecttothenotionoftheirbelovedcatsasmerepets.JapanesenovelistGenkiKawamurawritesinIfCatsDisappearedFromtheWorldthat“It’snothumanswhorearcats;it’scatswhodeigntostaywithhumans.”Ownersdeclarethemselves“slavestocats”(猫奴)and“excrementremovalofficers”(铲屎官);tointeractwiththeirpetisto“sniff”or“snortcats”(吸猫),anallusiontotheiraddictiveallure.Evennon-ownersarebesotted:Thephrase“raisingcatsinthecloud”(云养猫)referstoindulgingone’sfelinefantasiesvicariouslyonline,throughsharingpictures,memes,gifs,andvideos,orevenraisingvirtualcats.Foranumberofinternetusers,whohavebecomeprofessionalcatbloggers,gettingacatwasthefirststeptointernetfame.“HuiyiZhuanyongXiaomajia,”aWeiboaccountnowfollowedby29millionusers,originallystartedwithpicturesandvideosoftheblogger’sdogandaScottishFoldcat;it’snowrumoredthatXiaomajiacommands20,000RMBperadvertisement.Loulou,acatwiththededicatedWeiboaccount“LouBanNiang,”had760,000fanswhoenjoyedmakingmemesoutofthefeline’svideos,untilshefellsickinOctober2017.Acartoonstriptitled“Fight!Bestrong!Wearewaitinghereforyoutocomeback!”wassharedonWeiboonLoulou’sbehalfmorethan8,000times,thoughLouloudidn’tmakeit.However,whenChinesesingerZhangHanyunusedamemefeaturingthedeceasedfelinetowishherfriendahappybirthdayonWeibolaterthatyear,outragedLouloufansdenouncedthestarasheartlessandZhangwasforcedtodeleteherpost.Catsintheclouddon’thavetobereal,either.In2014,JapanesegamescompanyHit-PointintroducedNekoAtsume:KittyCollector,amobilegameinwhichplayerscanpurchasefood,toys,andfurnituretoattractavarietyofvirtualstraystotheirbackyard.ByJuly2017,thegamehadbeendownloadedover19milliontimes(cat-ownerChiisafan).Thatyear,afilmadaptation,TheHouseofCatCollection,receivedrapturousratingsonDouban.com.Oneuser,awardingafive-starrating,declared:“Allfivestarsbelongtothecats.Thisfilmshowsusonceagainhowthekittieshavetakenoverourplanet.”ThistakeoverwasmostapparentintheNovemberlaunchofCryptoKitties,ablockchain-basedgamethatisreportedlyplanningtoenterChinaasapotentialinvestmentopportunity.ThoughananticipatedChinesereleaseofCryptoKittiesbytheVancouver-baseddeveloper,AxiomZen,didnotmaterializeoverSpringFestival,severalknockoffversionsdidappearintheChineseAppStore,includingBlockCatsby360.CryptoKittiesallowsuserstoraise,breedandtradevirtualcatsontheEthereumnetworkusingcryptocurrency.EachCryptoKittyisownedbytheuser,validatedthroughtheblockchain,andhasagenerationnumberanduniquefeaturesdeterminedbyapartiallyclosedsourcealgorithm.Twocatscanbebredtogethertoproduceanewcatwithagreatergenerationnumber.Generally,acatwithalowergenerationnumberandrarerfeatureshashighervalues.Originallythoughttobeanattempttodeployblockchaintechnologyforrecreationalpurposes,CryptoKitties’popularityprovedeye-popping.AccordingtoETHGasStation,withinaweekofrelease,itwashogging11percentoftransactionsonEthereum,ablockchainnetwork;atthetimeofpress,playershadspentmorethan19millionUSDtradingcartoonkittens,withthemostexpensivechanginghandsforabout110,000USD,accordingtothird-partydatasiteCryptoKittiesSales.TheburgeoningpopularitysuggeststhatChinaisembracingtheideaof“nekonomics,”firstmintedbyJapaneseeconomistsin2015todescriberecession-proofbusinessesthattradesonfelinefascination.Combiningthe“economics”andtheJapanesefor“cat,”nekonomicstrategiesrangefromputtingakittystationmasteronatrainlinetotemplesthatlittertheirgroundswithcatstatuettes,allofwhichattractcustomers,thoughtheymayhavenothingtodowiththebusinessitself.Thesegimmicksalsofuelasupplementarymarketforcat-videosharingapps,petstores,andkittymerchandise.Catcafes,wherecoffeeloversreclinewithfelinecompanions,havelongbeenpopularonthemainland.CatTalesCoffee,arguablyBeijing’sfirstcatcafestartedin2011.LocatedinanarrowlaneoffDonggongStreet,thecafe’s40catsfrom15differentbreedsslinkandpurrtheirwaybetweentablelegsandcustomers.Thefriskyfelinesoftenupsetbeveragesandsteponcakes,butfewcustomersseemtomind.“Everyonewhocomesherelovescats,”ownerMr.YuantellsTWOC.AccordingtoYuan,theoperatingcostsofabusinesslikehis“aretwicethatofnormalcafes,mostlyspentonthecats…food,catlitter,andpersonnel.”Aftersevenyearsinbusiness,though,Yuanhasbecomepartofacateconomyofhisown—operatingapetstorealongsidehiscafe,andaWeiboaccountwherehesharepicturesofhiscatswithmorethan32,000followers.HehasevenplayedaprobableroleinstimulatingthetradeinrarecatbreedslikeAbyssiniansinBeijing.“ThereweremaybeonlythreebreederswhenIstarted[thecafe],butnow…moreandmorecustomersarecomingintoinquireaboutAbyssiniancats.”AtanothercatcafeintheSanlitunneighborhood,thestaffreportthatthere’satleast“oneincidenteveryday”whenanover-eagercustomermeetstheclawsofanannoyedcat,butforailurophileswhocan’tindulgetheirpassionathome,theserisksarejustaddedrealism.“Ilovecatssomuch,butIcan’thaveoneathome,becausemyparentsareallergic,”explainsa21-year-oldrepeatcustomersurnamedWang.“Idon’tthinkraisingacatinthe‘cloud’ismeaningful.To‘sniff’acat,youhavetoholditwithyourownhands.”Yuan’sexperiencesconfirmthatyouthsarethedriversbehindChina’scateconomy.“Mostofourcustomersareyoung,fromteenagerstothoseintheirearly30s,”hesays.“Whentheyhavetime,theycometothecafe;whentheyarebusy,theyresorttotheinternet.Theymustfindawaytogetclosetocats.”Ina2016interviewwithJapanBullet,analystMasahiroYotsumototracedtherootsofJapan’scateconomytotwo“opposingaspects”ofcontemporaryinternetculture—connectivity,andburnoutfrombeingover-connected:“Catscandowhatevertheywantandstillcharmtheirowners.That’swhythey’resocaptivating.”Surprisingly,thePeople’sDailyeditorialonempty-nestyouthsagreed,likeningfelinestoaprojectionofthemillennialego:“Catsdon’tneedtobewalked,areneverclingy,andarenocturnal…thesehabitsfitwellwithyouthswhocontinuallycallforindependence,stayuplate,andleadanon-traditionallife.”Ontheotherhand,“Catsusuallywon’tspareaglanceforanythingaroundthem,includingtheirowners.Youngpeopleadoptsuchproudattitudestoexpresstheirownfeelings.”Thefactthatmillennialsarespendingtheirleisurehoursfondlingrealandvirtualfelines—insteadofsocializing,gettingmarried,orbuyingahouse—isunpalatabletoastatekeentoensurestabilityandeducatethenextgenerationinsocialistvalues.“Theprocessofraisinga‘catinthecloud’ismoreaboutyoungpeoplecommunicatingwiththemselves,ratherthaninteractingwithcats,”thenewspaperultimatelyconcluded.Cat-loverslikeChiscoffatthemoralpanic.“Theyalwaystrytomakeusouttobepathetic,”shesays,but“there’snocomplicatedtheory”behindher—justtheloveofasoft,furrycompaniononherlap.AsYuanobserves,“Atfirst,[my]customersknewnothingaboutthecats,butnowmanycannamedifferentbreeds.”Orasasatiricalmemeforcat-loversputsit,“Sniffacatonce,andspendyourwholelifetryingtoquit.”“TailsfromtheCrypto”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby每件饰品都附带有一张卡片,讲述这个圣诞传统的故事。

  在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。Ofcourse,thatstoryisalsounconfirmed,andcouldjustbeatalethatpoppeduptoexplainthepickleslateron.当然,这个说法也未经证实,仅能作为解释圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品这种传统的一个传说故事。Anothertheoryisthatthetraditionofhangingapickledidn'tactuallystartinGermany,butwithaGermanimmigrantintheU.S..另一种说法是,这一传统并非源自德国,而是来自美国的一位德国移民。

  Thesurveyfoundthat91percenthadneverevenheardofit.调查发现,91%的受访者从没听说过这个传统。Thetraditioninvolveshidingthepickleornamentamongthebranches,andrewardingthechildwhofindsitwiththechancetoopengiftsfirst—or,alternatively,thatpersonsimplygetsgoodluckfortheyear.人们把腌黄瓜形状的装饰品藏在圣诞树的树枝里,哪个孩子首先在圣诞节找出它,就可以最先拆开礼物,或者预示着来年运气爆棚。Thesurveyfoundthat91percenthadneverevenheardofit.调查发现,91%的受访者从没听说过这个传统。

  MajorLeagueBaseballandTencentHoldingsLimitedhaveformedanewstrategicpartnershiptolivestreamMLBgamesandMLBhighlightprogramsinChina.Tencent,aleadingproviderofcomprehensiveInternetServicesinChina,alsowillsupportandbroadcastMLBdevelopmentaleventstohelpgrowthesportofbaseballinChina.Thenewmulti-yearpartnershipwasannouncedonTuesdayatapressconferenceinBeijing.AstheOfficialDigitalBroadcastingPartnerofMLBinChina,Tencentwilllivestream125gamesincludingMLBJewelEventsonanexclusivebasisinthecountryonTencentPC,MobileandOTTplatforms.Tocelebratethenewpartnership,Tencent'sschedulewilllaunchwithSuperBaseballWeek,fiveconsecutivedaysofgamesfeaturingsomeofbaseball'stopstarsincludingMikeTrout,FranciscoLindor,KrisBryant,andCodyBellinger.Afterthefirstweek,TencentwilllivestreamregularseasongamesonWednesday,Thursday,SaturdayandSundayaswellastheAll-StarGamepresentedbyMastercard,T-MobileHomeRunDerby,andeverygameofthePostseasonandWorldSeries.ThetechnologyleaderalsowillbroadcastaseriesofMLBhighlightshowsincludingMLBBest,MLBVideoClipsandaChineseversionofThisWeekinBaseball."Tencenthascontinuedtocollaboratewiththeworld'stopsportsleaguessecuringbroadcastrightsforbasketball,soccer,tennis,wintersports,footballandnowbaseball,"saidTencentVicePresidentCaitlynChen."Inrecentyears,baseballhasdevelopedrapidlyinChina,whichwouldn'thappenwithoutMLB'sdedicatedpromotioninChinaforoveradecade.Inthefuture,withtheadvantageofTencent'sproductionandbroadcasting,refinedoperationalexcellenceandpowerfulsocialplatforms,wewillbringtheattentiontoMLBandbaseballinChinatoanewlevel."Aspartofthebroadalliance,TencentwillworkcloselywiththeleaguetohelpgrowbaseballinChinabysupportingandstreamingMLB'sextensivearrayofyouthbaseballanddevelopmentevents.TheChinesemediacompanywillbetheOfficialPartnerofMLBBaseballPark,abaseballroadshowthattravelstomajormetropolitanareasinChinaattractingmorethan3.5millionfansannually.Inaddition,TencentwillbroadcasttheMLBrealityshowPerfectPitch,CollegeLeaguegames,theMLBPlayBall!DiamondCupandotherMLBPlayBall!youthevents."AsMLBcontinuestoexpandtheparticipation,viewingandengagementofbaseballinChina,itiscriticaltopartnerwiththebestorganizationsinthecountrytoformmutuallybeneficialco-operations,"saidJimSmall,MLBVicePresident,AsiaPacific."WearethrilledtoteamwithTencent,thelargestandbestdistributorofdigitalsportscontentinChinaandacompanythatiswidelyadmiredaroundtheworld.WeareconfidentthattheassortmentofMLBgames,showsandeventsthatTencentwillstreamwillentertainmillionsofsportsfansinChinaandhelpcontinuetogrowthesport."TencentwillsupportMLBeffortsacrossitsextensivecollectionofproductsincludingqq.com,theTencentSportsappandotherplatforms.Alsoaspartoftheagreement,TencentwilldevelopandhostanMLBFanClubwherefansacrossChinacandiscuss,debateandcelebrateallaspectsofMajorLeagueBaseball.  Everyyear,familiesacrosstheU.S.andtheUKhangupquirkylittlepickle-shapedornamentswhenitcomestimetotrimtheirChristmastrees.每年圣诞节,美国和英国的家庭都会在圣诞树上挂上新奇有趣的腌黄瓜状小饰品。Anothertheoryisthatthetraditionofhangingapickledidn'tactuallystartinGermany,butwithaGermanimmigrantintheU.S..另一种说法是,这一传统并非源自德国,而是来自美国的一位德国移民。

  在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。每件饰品都附带有一张卡片,讲述这个圣诞传统的故事。

  Accordingtoa2011editionofTampaBaymagazine,onelegendgoesthataGermanmannamedJohnLower,whowasborninBavariain1842,movedtotheU.S.andbecameillwhenhewasinprisonduringtheCivilWar.根据2011年《坦帕湾》杂志的一篇报道,有一种说法是,1842年出生在德国巴伐利亚约翰-洛厄来到美国后生病了,当时正处于美国内战时期,他被囚禁在监狱里。Infact,itdoesn'tseemtohaveactuallyoriginatedinGermanyatall,sincemostGermansdon'tpracticeit.其实这个传统并非来自德国,因为大多数德国人并不会在圣诞树上挂腌黄瓜状饰品。Theoriginofthetradition,however,isabitmurky.但这个传统的起源却不太清楚。

  Thesurveyfoundthat91percenthadneverevenheardofit.调查发现,91%的受访者从没听说过这个传统。“Thefireiswarmandthewoolblanketissoft/Istayindoorswithmycat,”wrotepoetLuYou.AlreadybackintheSongdynasty,800yearsago,catswerecool.Today,theyevenhavetheirownBitcoin-likecurrency,CryptoKitties,nottomentiontheunalloyedloveofmillionsofChinese.“WhenIgetupeverymorning,thefirstthingIlookatismycat;shejustliesbesidesmypillow.Igiveherastroke…That’sthehappiestmomentofmyday,”saysChiYingxue,a20-somethingfromShenyang,Liaoningprovince,aboutherpet,LittleNine.“Iwouldn’tgetboredspendingawholedaywithher.Withmycat,IfeellikeIhavetheentireworld.”Fairlyinnocuous,aspet-ownersentimentsgo—yetinChina,anunbridledloveofcatscanbegroundsforreprimandbythestate.A2016editorialbyPeople’sDailyscoffedatcatownersas“havingnowheretodevotetheirinstinctofprotectingothers,sotheyaremorepronetopouringthatintocats.”Conflatingcat-ownershipwiththenotionof“empty-nestyouths”(空巢青年)—millennialsworkinginfirst-tiercities,typicallyunmarriedandlivingalone—thepartymouthpieceimpliedthatisolation,loneliness,andfeelingsofemptinesswerereasonsthatpeoplesoughtinteractionwithcats.Thepaperwasn’ttotallywrong:About79.5percentofpetownersinChinawereborninthe1980sor90s,andover51percentaresingle,accordingtothe2015“SurveyofChinesePetOwners’ConsumptionHabits”byGoumin.com,thecountry’sbiggestpetforum.Thecountry’sgrowingfascinationforfelinesisalsoundisputed:AccordingtoGoumin,asof2017,therewere59millionpetcatsinChina,partofanindustryworth134billionRMB.Thatworthisexpectedtoreach188.5millionRMBby2020.AccompanyingthedramaticincreaseisagrowingculturalobsessionwiththecreatureswhoonceinspiredShenZhenlin,imperialpainterofthelateQing,todedicateawholeseriesto“Cats.”Indeed,somefansnowevenobjecttothenotionoftheirbelovedcatsasmerepets.JapanesenovelistGenkiKawamurawritesinIfCatsDisappearedFromtheWorldthat“It’snothumanswhorearcats;it’scatswhodeigntostaywithhumans.”Ownersdeclarethemselves“slavestocats”(猫奴)and“excrementremovalofficers”(铲屎官);tointeractwiththeirpetisto“sniff”or“snortcats”(吸猫),anallusiontotheiraddictiveallure.Evennon-ownersarebesotted:Thephrase“raisingcatsinthecloud”(云养猫)referstoindulgingone’sfelinefantasiesvicariouslyonline,throughsharingpictures,memes,gifs,andvideos,orevenraisingvirtualcats.Foranumberofinternetusers,whohavebecomeprofessionalcatbloggers,gettingacatwasthefirststeptointernetfame.“HuiyiZhuanyongXiaomajia,”aWeiboaccountnowfollowedby29millionusers,originallystartedwithpicturesandvideosoftheblogger’sdogandaScottishFoldcat;it’snowrumoredthatXiaomajiacommands20,000RMBperadvertisement.Loulou,acatwiththededicatedWeiboaccount“LouBanNiang,”had760,000fanswhoenjoyedmakingmemesoutofthefeline’svideos,untilshefellsickinOctober2017.Acartoonstriptitled“Fight!Bestrong!Wearewaitinghereforyoutocomeback!”wassharedonWeiboonLoulou’sbehalfmorethan8,000times,thoughLouloudidn’tmakeit.However,whenChinesesingerZhangHanyunusedamemefeaturingthedeceasedfelinetowishherfriendahappybirthdayonWeibolaterthatyear,outragedLouloufansdenouncedthestarasheartlessandZhangwasforcedtodeleteherpost.Catsintheclouddon’thavetobereal,either.In2014,JapanesegamescompanyHit-PointintroducedNekoAtsume:KittyCollector,amobilegameinwhichplayerscanpurchasefood,toys,andfurnituretoattractavarietyofvirtualstraystotheirbackyard.ByJuly2017,thegamehadbeendownloadedover19milliontimes(cat-ownerChiisafan).Thatyear,afilmadaptation,TheHouseofCatCollection,receivedrapturousratingsonDouban.com.Oneuser,awardingafive-starrating,declared:“Allfivestarsbelongtothecats.Thisfilmshowsusonceagainhowthekittieshavetakenoverourplanet.”ThistakeoverwasmostapparentintheNovemberlaunchofCryptoKitties,ablockchain-basedgamethatisreportedlyplanningtoenterChinaasapotentialinvestmentopportunity.ThoughananticipatedChinesereleaseofCryptoKittiesbytheVancouver-baseddeveloper,AxiomZen,didnotmaterializeoverSpringFestival,severalknockoffversionsdidappearintheChineseAppStore,includingBlockCatsby360.CryptoKittiesallowsuserstoraise,breedandtradevirtualcatsontheEthereumnetworkusingcryptocurrency.EachCryptoKittyisownedbytheuser,validatedthroughtheblockchain,andhasagenerationnumberanduniquefeaturesdeterminedbyapartiallyclosedsourcealgorithm.Twocatscanbebredtogethertoproduceanewcatwithagreatergenerationnumber.Generally,acatwithalowergenerationnumberandrarerfeatureshashighervalues.Originallythoughttobeanattempttodeployblockchaintechnologyforrecreationalpurposes,CryptoKitties’popularityprovedeye-popping.AccordingtoETHGasStation,withinaweekofrelease,itwashogging11percentoftransactionsonEthereum,ablockchainnetwork;atthetimeofpress,playershadspentmorethan19millionUSDtradingcartoonkittens,withthemostexpensivechanginghandsforabout110,000USD,accordingtothird-partydatasiteCryptoKittiesSales.TheburgeoningpopularitysuggeststhatChinaisembracingtheideaof“nekonomics,”firstmintedbyJapaneseeconomistsin2015todescriberecession-proofbusinessesthattradesonfelinefascination.Combiningthe“economics”andtheJapanesefor“cat,”nekonomicstrategiesrangefromputtingakittystationmasteronatrainlinetotemplesthatlittertheirgroundswithcatstatuettes,allofwhichattractcustomers,thoughtheymayhavenothingtodowiththebusinessitself.Thesegimmicksalsofuelasupplementarymarketforcat-videosharingapps,petstores,andkittymerchandise.Catcafes,wherecoffeeloversreclinewithfelinecompanions,havelongbeenpopularonthemainland.CatTalesCoffee,arguablyBeijing’sfirstcatcafestartedin2011.LocatedinanarrowlaneoffDonggongStreet,thecafe’s40catsfrom15differentbreedsslinkandpurrtheirwaybetweentablelegsandcustomers.Thefriskyfelinesoftenupsetbeveragesandsteponcakes,butfewcustomersseemtomind.“Everyonewhocomesherelovescats,”ownerMr.YuantellsTWOC.AccordingtoYuan,theoperatingcostsofabusinesslikehis“aretwicethatofnormalcafes,mostlyspentonthecats…food,catlitter,andpersonnel.”Aftersevenyearsinbusiness,though,Yuanhasbecomepartofacateconomyofhisown—operatingapetstorealongsidehiscafe,andaWeiboaccountwherehesharepicturesofhiscatswithmorethan32,000followers.HehasevenplayedaprobableroleinstimulatingthetradeinrarecatbreedslikeAbyssiniansinBeijing.“ThereweremaybeonlythreebreederswhenIstarted[thecafe],butnow…moreandmorecustomersarecomingintoinquireaboutAbyssiniancats.”AtanothercatcafeintheSanlitunneighborhood,thestaffreportthatthere’satleast“oneincidenteveryday”whenanover-eagercustomermeetstheclawsofanannoyedcat,butforailurophileswhocan’tindulgetheirpassionathome,theserisksarejustaddedrealism.“Ilovecatssomuch,butIcan’thaveoneathome,becausemyparentsareallergic,”explainsa21-year-oldrepeatcustomersurnamedWang.“Idon’tthinkraisingacatinthe‘cloud’ismeaningful.To‘sniff’acat,youhavetoholditwithyourownhands.”Yuan’sexperiencesconfirmthatyouthsarethedriversbehindChina’scateconomy.“Mostofourcustomersareyoung,fromteenagerstothoseintheirearly30s,”hesays.“Whentheyhavetime,theycometothecafe;whentheyarebusy,theyresorttotheinternet.Theymustfindawaytogetclosetocats.”Ina2016interviewwithJapanBullet,analystMasahiroYotsumototracedtherootsofJapan’scateconomytotwo“opposingaspects”ofcontemporaryinternetculture—connectivity,andburnoutfrombeingover-connected:“Catscandowhatevertheywantandstillcharmtheirowners.That’swhythey’resocaptivating.”Surprisingly,thePeople’sDailyeditorialonempty-nestyouthsagreed,likeningfelinestoaprojectionofthemillennialego:“Catsdon’tneedtobewalked,areneverclingy,andarenocturnal…thesehabitsfitwellwithyouthswhocontinuallycallforindependence,stayuplate,andleadanon-traditionallife.”Ontheotherhand,“Catsusuallywon’tspareaglanceforanythingaroundthem,includingtheirowners.Youngpeopleadoptsuchproudattitudestoexpresstheirownfeelings.”Thefactthatmillennialsarespendingtheirleisurehoursfondlingrealandvirtualfelines—insteadofsocializing,gettingmarried,orbuyingahouse—isunpalatabletoastatekeentoensurestabilityandeducatethenextgenerationinsocialistvalues.“Theprocessofraisinga‘catinthecloud’ismoreaboutyoungpeoplecommunicatingwiththemselves,ratherthaninteractingwithcats,”thenewspaperultimatelyconcluded.Cat-loverslikeChiscoffatthemoralpanic.“Theyalwaystrytomakeusouttobepathetic,”shesays,but“there’snocomplicatedtheory”behindher—justtheloveofasoft,furrycompaniononherlap.AsYuanobserves,“Atfirst,[my]customersknewnothingaboutthecats,butnowmanycannamedifferentbreeds.”Orasasatiricalmemeforcat-loversputsit,“Sniffacatonce,andspendyourwholelifetryingtoquit.”“TailsfromtheCrypto”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.ArticlebyWhetherthetraditionisrealormanufactured,pickleornamentshavebecomequiteubiquitous.不管这个传统来自真实事件,还是被杜撰的,在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品已经非常流行。

  Whetherthetraditionisrealormanufactured,pickleornamentshavebecomequiteubiquitous.不管这个传统来自真实事件,还是被杜撰的,在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品已经非常流行。Whilewhimsicalfoodieornamentsshapedlikeavocadotoast,hotsauce,pancakes,andramenhavebecomepopularinrecentyears,pickleornamentsaren'tjustafad.尽管近年来开始流行在圣诞树上挂新奇的食物状饰品,比如形似牛油果吐司、辣酱、薄烤饼和拉面的装饰品,但在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品一直流传至今。据说这个传统来自德国,已经有几百年历史。

  AccordingtoWideOpenCountry,thewholepicklegamewasmostlikelyamarketingploytosellGermanglassornamentstoAmericans.ItwassaidtobeconcoctedbyF.W.Woolworthwhenthestorebeganimportingtheornamentsin1880.Eachonewouldcomewithacardthattoldthestoryofthetradition.据称,这一传统是伍尔沃斯公司创造出来的。在1880年,这家商店开始进口饰品。据说这个传统来自德国,已经有几百年历史。

  Accordingtoa2011editionofTampaBaymagazine,onelegendgoesthataGermanmannamedJohnLower,whowasborninBavariain1842,movedtotheU.S.andbecameillwhenhewasinprisonduringtheCivilWar.根据2011年《坦帕湾》杂志的一篇报道,有一种说法是,1842年出生在德国巴伐利亚约翰-洛厄来到美国后生病了,当时正处于美国内战时期,他被囚禁在监狱里。ThepracticeisfavoredbymanyEnglish-speakingfamilies,andisthoughttobeacenturies-oldtraditionbroughtoverfromGermany.很多英语国家的家庭都喜欢在圣诞树上挂腌黄瓜状装饰。据说这个传统来自德国,已经有几百年历史。

  Heconvincedaguardtogivehimapickleasalastmeal,butheendedupsurviving.Afterbeingreleased,hehonoredthatpicklebystartinghisownfamilytraditionofhidingapickleinhisChristmastreeforthekids—sayingwhoeverfounditwouldhavethesamegoodfortunehedid.他说服一名看守给了他一颗腌黄瓜作为最后的一餐,但他最终活了下来。Whilewhimsicalfoodieornamentsshapedlikeavocadotoast,hotsauce,pancakes,andramenhavebecomepopularinrecentyears,pickleornamentsaren'tjustafad.尽管近年来开始流行在圣诞树上挂新奇的食物状饰品,比如形似牛油果吐司、辣酱、薄烤饼和拉面的装饰品,但在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品一直流传至今。在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。

  每件饰品都附带有一张卡片,讲述这个圣诞传统的故事。Anothertheoryisthatthetraditionofhangingapickledidn'tactuallystartinGermany,butwithaGermanimmigrantintheU.S..另一种说法是,这一传统并非源自德国,而是来自美国的一位德国移民。AccordingtoWideOpenCountry,thewholepicklegamewasmostlikelyamarketingploytosellGermanglassornamentstoAmericans.ItwassaidtobeconcoctedbyF.W.Woolworthwhenthestorebeganimportingtheornamentsin1880.Eachonewouldcomewithacardthattoldthestoryofthetradition.据称,这一传统是伍尔沃斯公司创造出来的。

  每件饰品都附带有一张卡片,讲述这个圣诞传统的故事。据说这个传统来自德国,已经有几百年历史。Whetherthetraditionisrealormanufactured,pickleornamentshavebecomequiteubiquitous.不管这个传统来自真实事件,还是被杜撰的,在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品已经非常流行。

  Theoriginofthetradition,however,isabitmurky.但这个传统的起源却不太清楚。Whilewhimsicalfoodieornamentsshapedlikeavocadotoast,hotsauce,pancakes,andramenhavebecomepopularinrecentyears,pickleornamentsaren'tjustafad.尽管近年来开始流行在圣诞树上挂新奇的食物状饰品,比如形似牛油果吐司、辣酱、薄烤饼和拉面的装饰品,但在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品一直流传至今。MajorLeagueBaseballandTencentHoldingsLimitedhaveformedanewstrategicpartnershiptolivestreamMLBgamesandMLBhighlightprogramsinChina.Tencent,aleadingproviderofcomprehensiveInternetServicesinChina,alsowillsupportandbroadcastMLBdevelopmentaleventstohelpgrowthesportofbaseballinChina.Thenewmulti-yearpartnershipwasannouncedonTuesdayatapressconferenceinBeijing.AstheOfficialDigitalBroadcastingPartnerofMLBinChina,Tencentwilllivestream125gamesincludingMLBJewelEventsonanexclusivebasisinthecountryonTencentPC,MobileandOTTplatforms.Tocelebratethenewpartnership,Tencent'sschedulewilllaunchwithSuperBaseballWeek,fiveconsecutivedaysofgamesfeaturingsomeofbaseball'stopstarsincludingMikeTrout,FranciscoLindor,KrisBryant,andCodyBellinger.Afterthefirstweek,TencentwilllivestreamregularseasongamesonWednesday,Thursday,SaturdayandSundayaswellastheAll-StarGamepresentedbyMastercard,T-MobileHomeRunDerby,andeverygameofthePostseasonandWorldSeries.ThetechnologyleaderalsowillbroadcastaseriesofMLBhighlightshowsincludingMLBBest,MLBVideoClipsandaChineseversionofThisWeekinBaseball."Tencenthascontinuedtocollaboratewiththeworld'stopsportsleaguessecuringbroadcastrightsforbasketball,soccer,tennis,wintersports,footballandnowbaseball,"saidTencentVicePresidentCaitlynChen."Inrecentyears,baseballhasdevelopedrapidlyinChina,whichwouldn'thappenwithoutMLB'sdedicatedpromotioninChinaforoveradecade.Inthefuture,withtheadvantageofTencent'sproductionandbroadcasting,refinedoperationalexcellenceandpowerfulsocialplatforms,wewillbringtheattentiontoMLBandbaseballinChinatoanewlevel."Aspartofthebroadalliance,TencentwillworkcloselywiththeleaguetohelpgrowbaseballinChinabysupportingandstreamingMLB'sextensivearrayofyouthbaseballanddevelopmentevents.TheChinesemediacompanywillbetheOfficialPartnerofMLBBaseballPark,abaseballroadshowthattravelstomajormetropolitanareasinChinaattractingmorethan3.5millionfansannually.Inaddition,TencentwillbroadcasttheMLBrealityshowPerfectPitch,CollegeLeaguegames,theMLBPlayBall!DiamondCupandotherMLBPlayBall!youthevents."AsMLBcontinuestoexpandtheparticipation,viewingandengagementofbaseballinChina,itiscriticaltopartnerwiththebestorganizationsinthecountrytoformmutuallybeneficialco-operations,"saidJimSmall,MLBVicePresident,AsiaPacific."WearethrilledtoteamwithTencent,thelargestandbestdistributorofdigitalsportscontentinChinaandacompanythatiswidelyadmiredaroundtheworld.WeareconfidentthattheassortmentofMLBgames,showsandeventsthatTencentwillstreamwillentertainmillionsofsportsfansinChinaandhelpcontinuetogrowthesport."TencentwillsupportMLBeffortsacrossitsextensivecollectionofproductsincludingqq.com,theTencentSportsappandotherplatforms.Alsoaspartoftheagreement,TencentwilldevelopandhostanMLBFanClubwherefansacrossChinacandiscuss,debateandcelebrateallaspectsofMajorLeagueBaseball.  

  在1880年,这家商店开始进口饰品。每件饰品都附带有一张卡片,讲述这个圣诞传统的故事。“Thefireiswarmandthewoolblanketissoft/Istayindoorswithmycat,”wrotepoetLuYou.AlreadybackintheSongdynasty,800yearsago,catswerecool.Today,theyevenhavetheirownBitcoin-likecurrency,CryptoKitties,nottomentiontheunalloyedloveofmillionsofChinese.“WhenIgetupeverymorning,thefirstthingIlookatismycat;shejustliesbesidesmypillow.Igiveherastroke…That’sthehappiestmomentofmyday,”saysChiYingxue,a20-somethingfromShenyang,Liaoningprovince,aboutherpet,LittleNine.“Iwouldn’tgetboredspendingawholedaywithher.Withmycat,IfeellikeIhavetheentireworld.”Fairlyinnocuous,aspet-ownersentimentsgo—yetinChina,anunbridledloveofcatscanbegroundsforreprimandbythestate.A2016editorialbyPeople’sDailyscoffedatcatownersas“havingnowheretodevotetheirinstinctofprotectingothers,sotheyaremorepronetopouringthatintocats.”Conflatingcat-ownershipwiththenotionof“empty-nestyouths”(空巢青年)—millennialsworkinginfirst-tiercities,typicallyunmarriedandlivingalone—thepartymouthpieceimpliedthatisolation,loneliness,andfeelingsofemptinesswerereasonsthatpeoplesoughtinteractionwithcats.Thepaperwasn’ttotallywrong:About79.5percentofpetownersinChinawereborninthe1980sor90s,andover51percentaresingle,accordingtothe2015“SurveyofChinesePetOwners’ConsumptionHabits”byGoumin.com,thecountry’sbiggestpetforum.Thecountry’sgrowingfascinationforfelinesisalsoundisputed:AccordingtoGoumin,asof2017,therewere59millionpetcatsinChina,partofanindustryworth134billionRMB.Thatworthisexpectedtoreach188.5millionRMBby2020.AccompanyingthedramaticincreaseisagrowingculturalobsessionwiththecreatureswhoonceinspiredShenZhenlin,imperialpainterofthelateQing,todedicateawholeseriesto“Cats.”Indeed,somefansnowevenobjecttothenotionoftheirbelovedcatsasmerepets.JapanesenovelistGenkiKawamurawritesinIfCatsDisappearedFromtheWorldthat“It’snothumanswhorearcats;it’scatswhodeigntostaywithhumans.”Ownersdeclarethemselves“slavestocats”(猫奴)and“excrementremovalofficers”(铲屎官);tointeractwiththeirpetisto“sniff”or“snortcats”(吸猫),anallusiontotheiraddictiveallure.Evennon-ownersarebesotted:Thephrase“raisingcatsinthecloud”(云养猫)referstoindulgingone’sfelinefantasiesvicariouslyonline,throughsharingpictures,memes,gifs,andvideos,orevenraisingvirtualcats.Foranumberofinternetusers,whohavebecomeprofessionalcatbloggers,gettingacatwasthefirststeptointernetfame.“HuiyiZhuanyongXiaomajia,”aWeiboaccountnowfollowedby29millionusers,originallystartedwithpicturesandvideosoftheblogger’sdogandaScottishFoldcat;it’snowrumoredthatXiaomajiacommands20,000RMBperadvertisement.Loulou,acatwiththededicatedWeiboaccount“LouBanNiang,”had760,000fanswhoenjoyedmakingmemesoutofthefeline’svideos,untilshefellsickinOctober2017.Acartoonstriptitled“Fight!Bestrong!Wearewaitinghereforyoutocomeback!”wassharedonWeiboonLoulou’sbehalfmorethan8,000times,thoughLouloudidn’tmakeit.However,whenChinesesingerZhangHanyunusedamemefeaturingthedeceasedfelinetowishherfriendahappybirthdayonWeibolaterthatyear,outragedLouloufansdenouncedthestarasheartlessandZhangwasforcedtodeleteherpost.Catsintheclouddon’thavetobereal,either.In2014,JapanesegamescompanyHit-PointintroducedNekoAtsume:KittyCollector,amobilegameinwhichplayerscanpurchasefood,toys,andfurnituretoattractavarietyofvirtualstraystotheirbackyard.ByJuly2017,thegamehadbeendownloadedover19milliontimes(cat-ownerChiisafan).Thatyear,afilmadaptation,TheHouseofCatCollection,receivedrapturousratingsonDouban.com.Oneuser,awardingafive-starrating,declared:“Allfivestarsbelongtothecats.Thisfilmshowsusonceagainhowthekittieshavetakenoverourplanet.”ThistakeoverwasmostapparentintheNovemberlaunchofCryptoKitties,ablockchain-basedgamethatisreportedlyplanningtoenterChinaasapotentialinvestmentopportunity.ThoughananticipatedChinesereleaseofCryptoKittiesbytheVancouver-baseddeveloper,AxiomZen,didnotmaterializeoverSpringFestival,severalknockoffversionsdidappearintheChineseAppStore,includingBlockCatsby360.CryptoKittiesallowsuserstoraise,breedandtradevirtualcatsontheEthereumnetworkusingcryptocurrency.EachCryptoKittyisownedbytheuser,validatedthroughtheblockchain,andhasagenerationnumberanduniquefeaturesdeterminedbyapartiallyclosedsourcealgorithm.Twocatscanbebredtogethertoproduceanewcatwithagreatergenerationnumber.Generally,acatwithalowergenerationnumberandrarerfeatureshashighervalues.Originallythoughttobeanattempttodeployblockchaintechnologyforrecreationalpurposes,CryptoKitties’popularityprovedeye-popping.AccordingtoETHGasStation,withinaweekofrelease,itwashogging11percentoftransactionsonEthereum,ablockchainnetwork;atthetimeofpress,playershadspentmorethan19millionUSDtradingcartoonkittens,withthemostexpensivechanginghandsforabout110,000USD,accordingtothird-partydatasiteCryptoKittiesSales.TheburgeoningpopularitysuggeststhatChinaisembracingtheideaof“nekonomics,”firstmintedbyJapaneseeconomistsin2015todescriberecession-proofbusinessesthattradesonfelinefascination.Combiningthe“economics”andtheJapanesefor“cat,”nekonomicstrategiesrangefromputtingakittystationmasteronatrainlinetotemplesthatlittertheirgroundswithcatstatuettes,allofwhichattractcustomers,thoughtheymayhavenothingtodowiththebusinessitself.Thesegimmicksalsofuelasupplementarymarketforcat-videosharingapps,petstores,andkittymerchandise.Catcafes,wherecoffeeloversreclinewithfelinecompanions,havelongbeenpopularonthemainland.CatTalesCoffee,arguablyBeijing’sfirstcatcafestartedin2011.LocatedinanarrowlaneoffDonggongStreet,thecafe’s40catsfrom15differentbreedsslinkandpurrtheirwaybetweentablelegsandcustomers.Thefriskyfelinesoftenupsetbeveragesandsteponcakes,butfewcustomersseemtomind.“Everyonewhocomesherelovescats,”ownerMr.YuantellsTWOC.AccordingtoYuan,theoperatingcostsofabusinesslikehis“aretwicethatofnormalcafes,mostlyspentonthecats…food,catlitter,andpersonnel.”Aftersevenyearsinbusiness,though,Yuanhasbecomepartofacateconomyofhisown—operatingapetstorealongsidehiscafe,andaWeiboaccountwherehesharepicturesofhiscatswithmorethan32,000followers.HehasevenplayedaprobableroleinstimulatingthetradeinrarecatbreedslikeAbyssiniansinBeijing.“ThereweremaybeonlythreebreederswhenIstarted[thecafe],butnow…moreandmorecustomersarecomingintoinquireaboutAbyssiniancats.”AtanothercatcafeintheSanlitunneighborhood,thestaffreportthatthere’satleast“oneincidenteveryday”whenanover-eagercustomermeetstheclawsofanannoyedcat,butforailurophileswhocan’tindulgetheirpassionathome,theserisksarejustaddedrealism.“Ilovecatssomuch,butIcan’thaveoneathome,becausemyparentsareallergic,”explainsa21-year-oldrepeatcustomersurnamedWang.“Idon’tthinkraisingacatinthe‘cloud’ismeaningful.To‘sniff’acat,youhavetoholditwithyourownhands.”Yuan’sexperiencesconfirmthatyouthsarethedriversbehindChina’scateconomy.“Mostofourcustomersareyoung,fromteenagerstothoseintheirearly30s,”hesays.“Whentheyhavetime,theycometothecafe;whentheyarebusy,theyresorttotheinternet.Theymustfindawaytogetclosetocats.”Ina2016interviewwithJapanBullet,analystMasahiroYotsumototracedtherootsofJapan’scateconomytotwo“opposingaspects”ofcontemporaryinternetculture—connectivity,andburnoutfrombeingover-connected:“Catscandowhatevertheywantandstillcharmtheirowners.That’swhythey’resocaptivating.”Surprisingly,thePeople’sDailyeditorialonempty-nestyouthsagreed,likeningfelinestoaprojectionofthemillennialego:“Catsdon’tneedtobewalked,areneverclingy,andarenocturnal…thesehabitsfitwellwithyouthswhocontinuallycallforindependence,stayuplate,andleadanon-traditionallife.”Ontheotherhand,“Catsusuallywon’tspareaglanceforanythingaroundthem,includingtheirowners.Youngpeopleadoptsuchproudattitudestoexpresstheirownfeelings.”Thefactthatmillennialsarespendingtheirleisurehoursfondlingrealandvirtualfelines—insteadofsocializing,gettingmarried,orbuyingahouse—isunpalatabletoastatekeentoensurestabilityandeducatethenextgenerationinsocialistvalues.“Theprocessofraisinga‘catinthecloud’ismoreaboutyoungpeoplecommunicatingwiththemselves,ratherthaninteractingwithcats,”thenewspaperultimatelyconcluded.Cat-loverslikeChiscoffatthemoralpanic.“Theyalwaystrytomakeusouttobepathetic,”shesays,but“there’snocomplicatedtheory”behindher—justtheloveofasoft,furrycompaniononherlap.AsYuanobserves,“Atfirst,[my]customersknewnothingaboutthecats,butnowmanycannamedifferentbreeds.”Orasasatiricalmemeforcat-loversputsit,“Sniffacatonce,andspendyourwholelifetryingtoquit.”“TailsfromtheCrypto”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby

  Heconvincedaguardtogivehimapickleasalastmeal,butheendedupsurviving.Afterbeingreleased,hehonoredthatpicklebystartinghisownfamilytraditionofhidingapickleinhisChristmastreeforthekids—sayingwhoeverfounditwouldhavethesamegoodfortunehedid.他说服一名看守给了他一颗腌黄瓜作为最后的一餐,但他最终活了下来。Thetraditioninvolveshidingthepickleornamentamongthebranches,andrewardingthechildwhofindsitwiththechancetoopengiftsfirst—or,alternatively,thatpersonsimplygetsgoodluckfortheyear.人们把腌黄瓜形状的装饰品藏在圣诞树的树枝里,哪个孩子首先在圣诞节找出它,就可以最先拆开礼物,或者预示着来年运气爆棚。AccordingtoWideOpenCountry,thewholepicklegamewasmostlikelyamarketingploytosellGermanglassornamentstoAmericans.ItwassaidtobeconcoctedbyF.W.Woolworthwhenthestorebeganimportingtheornamentsin1880.Eachonewouldcomewithacardthattoldthestoryofthetradition.据称,这一传统是伍尔沃斯公司创造出来的。

  A2016NewYorkTimesarticlepointedtoaYouGovpoll,inwhich2,057GermanswereaskedabouttheChristmaspickle.2016年《纽约时报》曾报道称,舆观调查网就圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品的传统,向2057位德国人展开了调查。Thesurveyfoundthat91percenthadneverevenheardofit.调查发现,91%的受访者从没听说过这个传统。在1880年,这家商店开始进口饰品。

  据说这个传统来自德国,已经有几百年历史。Whilewhimsicalfoodieornamentsshapedlikeavocadotoast,hotsauce,pancakes,andramenhavebecomepopularinrecentyears,pickleornamentsaren'tjustafad.尽管近年来开始流行在圣诞树上挂新奇的食物状饰品,比如形似牛油果吐司、辣酱、薄烤饼和拉面的装饰品,但在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品一直流传至今。Ofcourse,thatstoryisalsounconfirmed,andcouldjustbeatalethatpoppeduptoexplainthepickleslateron.当然,这个说法也未经证实,仅能作为解释圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品这种传统的一个传说故事。

  Accordingtoa2011editionofTampaBaymagazine,onelegendgoesthataGermanmannamedJohnLower,whowasborninBavariain1842,movedtotheU.S.andbecameillwhenhewasinprisonduringtheCivilWar.根据2011年《坦帕湾》杂志的一篇报道,有一种说法是,1842年出生在德国巴伐利亚约翰-洛厄来到美国后生病了,当时正处于美国内战时期,他被囚禁在监狱里。在1880年,这家商店开始进口饰品。Anothertheoryisthatthetraditionofhangingapickledidn'tactuallystartinGermany,butwithaGermanimmigrantintheU.S..另一种说法是,这一传统并非源自德国,而是来自美国的一位德国移民。

  Heconvincedaguardtogivehimapickleasalastmeal,butheendedupsurviving.Afterbeingreleased,hehonoredthatpicklebystartinghisownfamilytraditionofhidingapickleinhisChristmastreeforthekids—sayingwhoeverfounditwouldhavethesamegoodfortunehedid.他说服一名看守给了他一颗腌黄瓜作为最后的一餐,但他最终活了下来。Thetraditioninvolveshidingthepickleornamentamongthebranches,andrewardingthechildwhofindsitwiththechancetoopengiftsfirst—or,alternatively,thatpersonsimplygetsgoodluckfortheyear.人们把腌黄瓜形状的装饰品藏在圣诞树的树枝里,哪个孩子首先在圣诞节找出它,就可以最先拆开礼物,或者预示着来年运气爆棚。在1880年,这家商店开始进口饰品。

  据说这个传统来自德国,已经有几百年历史。“Thefireiswarmandthewoolblanketissoft/Istayindoorswithmycat,”wrotepoetLuYou.AlreadybackintheSongdynasty,800yearsago,catswerecool.Today,theyevenhavetheirownBitcoin-likecurrency,CryptoKitties,nottomentiontheunalloyedloveofmillionsofChinese.“WhenIgetupeverymorning,thefirstthingIlookatismycat;shejustliesbesidesmypillow.Igiveherastroke…That’sthehappiestmomentofmyday,”saysChiYingxue,a20-somethingfromShenyang,Liaoningprovince,aboutherpet,LittleNine.“Iwouldn’tgetboredspendingawholedaywithher.Withmycat,IfeellikeIhavetheentireworld.”Fairlyinnocuous,aspet-ownersentimentsgo—yetinChina,anunbridledloveofcatscanbegroundsforreprimandbythestate.A2016editorialbyPeople’sDailyscoffedatcatownersas“havingnowheretodevotetheirinstinctofprotectingothers,sotheyaremorepronetopouringthatintocats.”Conflatingcat-ownershipwiththenotionof“empty-nestyouths”(空巢青年)—millennialsworkinginfirst-tiercities,typicallyunmarriedandlivingalone—thepartymouthpieceimpliedthatisolation,loneliness,andfeelingsofemptinesswerereasonsthatpeoplesoughtinteractionwithcats.Thepaperwasn’ttotallywrong:About79.5percentofpetownersinChinawereborninthe1980sor90s,andover51percentaresingle,accordingtothe2015“SurveyofChinesePetOwners’ConsumptionHabits”byGoumin.com,thecountry’sbiggestpetforum.Thecountry’sgrowingfascinationforfelinesisalsoundisputed:AccordingtoGoumin,asof2017,therewere59millionpetcatsinChina,partofanindustryworth134billionRMB.Thatworthisexpectedtoreach188.5millionRMBby2020.AccompanyingthedramaticincreaseisagrowingculturalobsessionwiththecreatureswhoonceinspiredShenZhenlin,imperialpainterofthelateQing,todedicateawholeseriesto“Cats.”Indeed,somefansnowevenobjecttothenotionoftheirbelovedcatsasmerepets.JapanesenovelistGenkiKawamurawritesinIfCatsDisappearedFromtheWorldthat“It’snothumanswhorearcats;it’scatswhodeigntostaywithhumans.”Ownersdeclarethemselves“slavestocats”(猫奴)and“excrementremovalofficers”(铲屎官);tointeractwiththeirpetisto“sniff”or“snortcats”(吸猫),anallusiontotheiraddictiveallure.Evennon-ownersarebesotted:Thephrase“raisingcatsinthecloud”(云养猫)referstoindulgingone’sfelinefantasiesvicariouslyonline,throughsharingpictures,memes,gifs,andvideos,orevenraisingvirtualcats.Foranumberofinternetusers,whohavebecomeprofessionalcatbloggers,gettingacatwasthefirststeptointernetfame.“HuiyiZhuanyongXiaomajia,”aWeiboaccountnowfollowedby29millionusers,originallystartedwithpicturesandvideosoftheblogger’sdogandaScottishFoldcat;it’snowrumoredthatXiaomajiacommands20,000RMBperadvertisement.Loulou,acatwiththededicatedWeiboaccount“LouBanNiang,”had760,000fanswhoenjoyedmakingmemesoutofthefeline’svideos,untilshefellsickinOctober2017.Acartoonstriptitled“Fight!Bestrong!Wearewaitinghereforyoutocomeback!”wassharedonWeiboonLoulou’sbehalfmorethan8,000times,thoughLouloudidn’tmakeit.However,whenChinesesingerZhangHanyunusedamemefeaturingthedeceasedfelinetowishherfriendahappybirthdayonWeibolaterthatyear,outragedLouloufansdenouncedthestarasheartlessandZhangwasforcedtodeleteherpost.Catsintheclouddon’thavetobereal,either.In2014,JapanesegamescompanyHit-PointintroducedNekoAtsume:KittyCollector,amobilegameinwhichplayerscanpurchasefood,toys,andfurnituretoattractavarietyofvirtualstraystotheirbackyard.ByJuly2017,thegamehadbeendownloadedover19milliontimes(cat-ownerChiisafan).Thatyear,afilmadaptation,TheHouseofCatCollection,receivedrapturousratingsonDouban.com.Oneuser,awardingafive-starrating,declared:“Allfivestarsbelongtothecats.Thisfilmshowsusonceagainhowthekittieshavetakenoverourplanet.”ThistakeoverwasmostapparentintheNovemberlaunchofCryptoKitties,ablockchain-basedgamethatisreportedlyplanningtoenterChinaasapotentialinvestmentopportunity.ThoughananticipatedChinesereleaseofCryptoKittiesbytheVancouver-baseddeveloper,AxiomZen,didnotmaterializeoverSpringFestival,severalknockoffversionsdidappearintheChineseAppStore,includingBlockCatsby360.CryptoKittiesallowsuserstoraise,breedandtradevirtualcatsontheEthereumnetworkusingcryptocurrency.EachCryptoKittyisownedbytheuser,validatedthroughtheblockchain,andhasagenerationnumberanduniquefeaturesdeterminedbyapartiallyclosedsourcealgorithm.Twocatscanbebredtogethertoproduceanewcatwithagreatergenerationnumber.Generally,acatwithalowergenerationnumberandrarerfeatureshashighervalues.Originallythoughttobeanattempttodeployblockchaintechnologyforrecreationalpurposes,CryptoKitties’popularityprovedeye-popping.AccordingtoETHGasStation,withinaweekofrelease,itwashogging11percentoftransactionsonEthereum,ablockchainnetwork;atthetimeofpress,playershadspentmorethan19millionUSDtradingcartoonkittens,withthemostexpensivechanginghandsforabout110,000USD,accordingtothird-partydatasiteCryptoKittiesSales.TheburgeoningpopularitysuggeststhatChinaisembracingtheideaof“nekonomics,”firstmintedbyJapaneseeconomistsin2015todescriberecession-proofbusinessesthattradesonfelinefascination.Combiningthe“economics”andtheJapanesefor“cat,”nekonomicstrategiesrangefromputtingakittystationmasteronatrainlinetotemplesthatlittertheirgroundswithcatstatuettes,allofwhichattractcustomers,thoughtheymayhavenothingtodowiththebusinessitself.Thesegimmicksalsofuelasupplementarymarketforcat-videosharingapps,petstores,andkittymerchandise.Catcafes,wherecoffeeloversreclinewithfelinecompanions,havelongbeenpopularonthemainland.CatTalesCoffee,arguablyBeijing’sfirstcatcafestartedin2011.LocatedinanarrowlaneoffDonggongStreet,thecafe’s40catsfrom15differentbreedsslinkandpurrtheirwaybetweentablelegsandcustomers.Thefriskyfelinesoftenupsetbeveragesandsteponcakes,butfewcustomersseemtomind.“Everyonewhocomesherelovescats,”ownerMr.YuantellsTWOC.AccordingtoYuan,theoperatingcostsofabusinesslikehis“aretwicethatofnormalcafes,mostlyspentonthecats…food,catlitter,andpersonnel.”Aftersevenyearsinbusiness,though,Yuanhasbecomepartofacateconomyofhisown—operatingapetstorealongsidehiscafe,andaWeiboaccountwherehesharepicturesofhiscatswithmorethan32,000followers.HehasevenplayedaprobableroleinstimulatingthetradeinrarecatbreedslikeAbyssiniansinBeijing.“ThereweremaybeonlythreebreederswhenIstarted[thecafe],butnow…moreandmorecustomersarecomingintoinquireaboutAbyssiniancats.”AtanothercatcafeintheSanlitunneighborhood,thestaffreportthatthere’satleast“oneincidenteveryday”whenanover-eagercustomermeetstheclawsofanannoyedcat,butforailurophileswhocan’tindulgetheirpassionathome,theserisksarejustaddedrealism.“Ilovecatssomuch,butIcan’thaveoneathome,becausemyparentsareallergic,”explainsa21-year-oldrepeatcustomersurnamedWang.“Idon’tthinkraisingacatinthe‘cloud’ismeaningful.To‘sniff’acat,youhavetoholditwithyourownhands.”Yuan’sexperiencesconfirmthatyouthsarethedriversbehindChina’scateconomy.“Mostofourcustomersareyoung,fromteenagerstothoseintheirearly30s,”hesays.“Whentheyhavetime,theycometothecafe;whentheyarebusy,theyresorttotheinternet.Theymustfindawaytogetclosetocats.”Ina2016interviewwithJapanBullet,analystMasahiroYotsumototracedtherootsofJapan’scateconomytotwo“opposingaspects”ofcontemporaryinternetculture—connectivity,andburnoutfrombeingover-connected:“Catscandowhatevertheywantandstillcharmtheirowners.That’swhythey’resocaptivating.”Surprisingly,thePeople’sDailyeditorialonempty-nestyouthsagreed,likeningfelinestoaprojectionofthemillennialego:“Catsdon’tneedtobewalked,areneverclingy,andarenocturnal…thesehabitsfitwellwithyouthswhocontinuallycallforindependence,stayuplate,andleadanon-traditionallife.”Ontheotherhand,“Catsusuallywon’tspareaglanceforanythingaroundthem,includingtheirowners.Youngpeopleadoptsuchproudattitudestoexpresstheirownfeelings.”Thefactthatmillennialsarespendingtheirleisurehoursfondlingrealandvirtualfelines—insteadofsocializing,gettingmarried,orbuyingahouse—isunpalatabletoastatekeentoensurestabilityandeducatethenextgenerationinsocialistvalues.“Theprocessofraisinga‘catinthecloud’ismoreaboutyoungpeoplecommunicatingwiththemselves,ratherthaninteractingwithcats,”thenewspaperultimatelyconcluded.Cat-loverslikeChiscoffatthemoralpanic.“Theyalwaystrytomakeusouttobepathetic,”shesays,but“there’snocomplicatedtheory”behindher—justtheloveofasoft,furrycompaniononherlap.AsYuanobserves,“Atfirst,[my]customersknewnothingaboutthecats,butnowmanycannamedifferentbreeds.”Orasasatiricalmemeforcat-loversputsit,“Sniffacatonce,andspendyourwholelifetryingtoquit.”“TailsfromtheCrypto”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby“Thefireiswarmandthewoolblanketissoft/Istayindoorswithmycat,”wrotepoetLuYou.AlreadybackintheSongdynasty,800yearsago,catswerecool.Today,theyevenhavetheirownBitcoin-likecurrency,CryptoKitties,nottomentiontheunalloyedloveofmillionsofChinese.“WhenIgetupeverymorning,thefirstthingIlookatismycat;shejustliesbesidesmypillow.Igiveherastroke…That’sthehappiestmomentofmyday,”saysChiYingxue,a20-somethingfromShenyang,Liaoningprovince,aboutherpet,LittleNine.“Iwouldn’tgetboredspendingawholedaywithher.Withmycat,IfeellikeIhavetheentireworld.”Fairlyinnocuous,aspet-ownersentimentsgo—yetinChina,anunbridledloveofcatscanbegroundsforreprimandbythestate.A2016editorialbyPeople’sDailyscoffedatcatownersas“havingnowheretodevotetheirinstinctofprotectingothers,sotheyaremorepronetopouringthatintocats.”Conflatingcat-ownershipwiththenotionof“empty-nestyouths”(空巢青年)—millennialsworkinginfirst-tiercities,typicallyunmarriedandlivingalone—thepartymouthpieceimpliedthatisolation,loneliness,andfeelingsofemptinesswerereasonsthatpeoplesoughtinteractionwithcats.Thepaperwasn’ttotallywrong:About79.5percentofpetownersinChinawereborninthe1980sor90s,andover51percentaresingle,accordingtothe2015“SurveyofChinesePetOwners’ConsumptionHabits”byGoumin.com,thecountry’sbiggestpetforum.Thecountry’sgrowingfascinationforfelinesisalsoundisputed:AccordingtoGoumin,asof2017,therewere59millionpetcatsinChina,partofanindustryworth134billionRMB.Thatworthisexpectedtoreach188.5millionRMBby2020.AccompanyingthedramaticincreaseisagrowingculturalobsessionwiththecreatureswhoonceinspiredShenZhenlin,imperialpainterofthelateQing,todedicateawholeseriesto“Cats.”Indeed,somefansnowevenobjecttothenotionoftheirbelovedcatsasmerepets.JapanesenovelistGenkiKawamurawritesinIfCatsDisappearedFromtheWorldthat“It’snothumanswhorearcats;it’scatswhodeigntostaywithhumans.”Ownersdeclarethemselves“slavestocats”(猫奴)and“excrementremovalofficers”(铲屎官);tointeractwiththeirpetisto“sniff”or“snortcats”(吸猫),anallusiontotheiraddictiveallure.Evennon-ownersarebesotted:Thephrase“raisingcatsinthecloud”(云养猫)referstoindulgingone’sfelinefantasiesvicariouslyonline,throughsharingpictures,memes,gifs,andvideos,orevenraisingvirtualcats.Foranumberofinternetusers,whohavebecomeprofessionalcatbloggers,gettingacatwasthefirststeptointernetfame.“HuiyiZhuanyongXiaomajia,”aWeiboaccountnowfollowedby29millionusers,originallystartedwithpicturesandvideosoftheblogger’sdogandaScottishFoldcat;it’snowrumoredthatXiaomajiacommands20,000RMBperadvertisement.Loulou,acatwiththededicatedWeiboaccount“LouBanNiang,”had760,000fanswhoenjoyedmakingmemesoutofthefeline’svideos,untilshefellsickinOctober2017.Acartoonstriptitled“Fight!Bestrong!Wearewaitinghereforyoutocomeback!”wassharedonWeiboonLoulou’sbehalfmorethan8,000times,thoughLouloudidn’tmakeit.However,whenChinesesingerZhangHanyunusedamemefeaturingthedeceasedfelinetowishherfriendahappybirthdayonWeibolaterthatyear,outragedLouloufansdenouncedthestarasheartlessandZhangwasforcedtodeleteherpost.Catsintheclouddon’thavetobereal,either.In2014,JapanesegamescompanyHit-PointintroducedNekoAtsume:KittyCollector,amobilegameinwhichplayerscanpurchasefood,toys,andfurnituretoattractavarietyofvirtualstraystotheirbackyard.ByJuly2017,thegamehadbeendownloadedover19milliontimes(cat-ownerChiisafan).Thatyear,afilmadaptation,TheHouseofCatCollection,receivedrapturousratingsonDouban.com.Oneuser,awardingafive-starrating,declared:“Allfivestarsbelongtothecats.Thisfilmshowsusonceagainhowthekittieshavetakenoverourplanet.”ThistakeoverwasmostapparentintheNovemberlaunchofCryptoKitties,ablockchain-basedgamethatisreportedlyplanningtoenterChinaasapotentialinvestmentopportunity.ThoughananticipatedChinesereleaseofCryptoKittiesbytheVancouver-baseddeveloper,AxiomZen,didnotmaterializeoverSpringFestival,severalknockoffversionsdidappearintheChineseAppStore,includingBlockCatsby360.CryptoKittiesallowsuserstoraise,breedandtradevirtualcatsontheEthereumnetworkusingcryptocurrency.EachCryptoKittyisownedbytheuser,validatedthroughtheblockchain,andhasagenerationnumberanduniquefeaturesdeterminedbyapartiallyclosedsourcealgorithm.Twocatscanbebredtogethertoproduceanewcatwithagreatergenerationnumber.Generally,acatwithalowergenerationnumberandrarerfeatureshashighervalues.Originallythoughttobeanattempttodeployblockchaintechnologyforrecreationalpurposes,CryptoKitties’popularityprovedeye-popping.AccordingtoETHGasStation,withinaweekofrelease,itwashogging11percentoftransactionsonEthereum,ablockchainnetwork;atthetimeofpress,playershadspentmorethan19millionUSDtradingcartoonkittens,withthemostexpensivechanginghandsforabout110,000USD,accordingtothird-partydatasiteCryptoKittiesSales.TheburgeoningpopularitysuggeststhatChinaisembracingtheideaof“nekonomics,”firstmintedbyJapaneseeconomistsin2015todescriberecession-proofbusinessesthattradesonfelinefascination.Combiningthe“economics”andtheJapanesefor“cat,”nekonomicstrategiesrangefromputtingakittystationmasteronatrainlinetotemplesthatlittertheirgroundswithcatstatuettes,allofwhichattractcustomers,thoughtheymayhavenothingtodowiththebusinessitself.Thesegimmicksalsofuelasupplementarymarketforcat-videosharingapps,petstores,andkittymerchandise.Catcafes,wherecoffeeloversreclinewithfelinecompanions,havelongbeenpopularonthemainland.CatTalesCoffee,arguablyBeijing’sfirstcatcafestartedin2011.LocatedinanarrowlaneoffDonggongStreet,thecafe’s40catsfrom15differentbreedsslinkandpurrtheirwaybetweentablelegsandcustomers.Thefriskyfelinesoftenupsetbeveragesandsteponcakes,butfewcustomersseemtomind.“Everyonewhocomesherelovescats,”ownerMr.YuantellsTWOC.AccordingtoYuan,theoperatingcostsofabusinesslikehis“aretwicethatofnormalcafes,mostlyspentonthecats…food,catlitter,andpersonnel.”Aftersevenyearsinbusiness,though,Yuanhasbecomepartofacateconomyofhisown—operatingapetstorealongsidehiscafe,andaWeiboaccountwherehesharepicturesofhiscatswithmorethan32,000followers.HehasevenplayedaprobableroleinstimulatingthetradeinrarecatbreedslikeAbyssiniansinBeijing.“ThereweremaybeonlythreebreederswhenIstarted[thecafe],butnow…moreandmorecustomersarecomingintoinquireaboutAbyssiniancats.”AtanothercatcafeintheSanlitunneighborhood,thestaffreportthatthere’satleast“oneincidenteveryday”whenanover-eagercustomermeetstheclawsofanannoyedcat,butforailurophileswhocan’tindulgetheirpassionathome,theserisksarejustaddedrealism.“Ilovecatssomuch,butIcan’thaveoneathome,becausemyparentsareallergic,”explainsa21-year-oldrepeatcustomersurnamedWang.“Idon’tthinkraisingacatinthe‘cloud’ismeaningful.To‘sniff’acat,youhavetoholditwithyourownhands.”Yuan’sexperiencesconfirmthatyouthsarethedriversbehindChina’scateconomy.“Mostofourcustomersareyoung,fromteenagerstothoseintheirearly30s,”hesays.“Whentheyhavetime,theycometothecafe;whentheyarebusy,theyresorttotheinternet.Theymustfindawaytogetclosetocats.”Ina2016interviewwithJapanBullet,analystMasahiroYotsumototracedtherootsofJapan’scateconomytotwo“opposingaspects”ofcontemporaryinternetculture—connectivity,andburnoutfrombeingover-connected:“Catscandowhatevertheywantandstillcharmtheirowners.That’swhythey’resocaptivating.”Surprisingly,thePeople’sDailyeditorialonempty-nestyouthsagreed,likeningfelinestoaprojectionofthemillennialego:“Catsdon’tneedtobewalked,areneverclingy,andarenocturnal…thesehabitsfitwellwithyouthswhocontinuallycallforindependence,stayuplate,andleadanon-traditionallife.”Ontheotherhand,“Catsusuallywon’tspareaglanceforanythingaroundthem,includingtheirowners.Youngpeopleadoptsuchproudattitudestoexpresstheirownfeelings.”Thefactthatmillennialsarespendingtheirleisurehoursfondlingrealandvirtualfelines—insteadofsocializing,gettingmarried,orbuyingahouse—isunpalatabletoastatekeentoensurestabilityandeducatethenextgenerationinsocialistvalues.“Theprocessofraisinga‘catinthecloud’ismoreaboutyoungpeoplecommunicatingwiththemselves,ratherthaninteractingwithcats,”thenewspaperultimatelyconcluded.Cat-loverslikeChiscoffatthemoralpanic.“Theyalwaystrytomakeusouttobepathetic,”shesays,but“there’snocomplicatedtheory”behindher—justtheloveofasoft,furrycompaniononherlap.AsYuanobserves,“Atfirst,[my]customersknewnothingaboutthecats,butnowmanycannamedifferentbreeds.”Orasasatiricalmemeforcat-loversputsit,“Sniffacatonce,andspendyourwholelifetryingtoquit.”“TailsfromtheCrypto”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby

  AccordingtoWideOpenCountry,thewholepicklegamewasmostlikelyamarketingploytosellGermanglassornamentstoAmericans.ItwassaidtobeconcoctedbyF.W.Woolworthwhenthestorebeganimportingtheornamentsin1880.Eachonewouldcomewithacardthattoldthestoryofthetradition.据称,这一传统是伍尔沃斯公司创造出来的。Theoriginofthetradition,however,isabitmurky.但这个传统的起源却不太清楚。Ofcourse,thatstoryisalsounconfirmed,andcouldjustbeatalethatpoppeduptoexplainthepickleslateron.当然,这个说法也未经证实,仅能作为解释圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品这种传统的一个传说故事。

  在被释放后,为了纪念这颗腌黄瓜,他开始在家中过圣诞节时在圣诞树里藏一颗腌黄瓜给孩子们寻找,还说谁找到就会有和他一样的好运。Everyyear,familiesacrosstheU.S.andtheUKhangupquirkylittlepickle-shapedornamentswhenitcomestimetotrimtheirChristmastrees.每年圣诞节,美国和英国的家庭都会在圣诞树上挂上新奇有趣的腌黄瓜状小饰品。ThepracticeisfavoredbymanyEnglish-speakingfamilies,andisthoughttobeacenturies-oldtraditionbroughtoverfromGermany.很多英语国家的家庭都喜欢在圣诞树上挂腌黄瓜状装饰。

  Everyyear,familiesacrosstheU.S.andtheUKhangupquirkylittlepickle-shapedornamentswhenitcomestimetotrimtheirChristmastrees.每年圣诞节,美国和英国的家庭都会在圣诞树上挂上新奇有趣的腌黄瓜状小饰品。Infact,itdoesn'tseemtohaveactuallyoriginatedinGermanyatall,sincemostGermansdon'tpracticeit.其实这个传统并非来自德国,因为大多数德国人并不会在圣诞树上挂腌黄瓜状饰品。Whilewhimsicalfoodieornamentsshapedlikeavocadotoast,hotsauce,pancakes,andramenhavebecomepopularinrecentyears,pickleornamentsaren'tjustafad.尽管近年来开始流行在圣诞树上挂新奇的食物状饰品,比如形似牛油果吐司、辣酱、薄烤饼和拉面的装饰品,但在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品一直流传至今。

  Theoriginofthetradition,however,isabitmurky.但这个传统的起源却不太清楚。AccordingtoWideOpenCountry,thewholepicklegamewasmostlikelyamarketingploytosellGermanglassornamentstoAmericans.ItwassaidtobeconcoctedbyF.W.Woolworthwhenthestorebeganimportingtheornamentsin1880.Eachonewouldcomewithacardthattoldthestoryofthetradition.据称,这一传统是伍尔沃斯公司创造出来的。MajorLeagueBaseballandTencentHoldingsLimitedhaveformedanewstrategicpartnershiptolivestreamMLBgamesandMLBhighlightprogramsinChina.Tencent,aleadingproviderofcomprehensiveInternetServicesinChina,alsowillsupportandbroadcastMLBdevelopmentaleventstohelpgrowthesportofbaseballinChina.Thenewmulti-yearpartnershipwasannouncedonTuesdayatapressconferenceinBeijing.AstheOfficialDigitalBroadcastingPartnerofMLBinChina,Tencentwilllivestream125gamesincludingMLBJewelEventsonanexclusivebasisinthecountryonTencentPC,MobileandOTTplatforms.Tocelebratethenewpartnership,Tencent'sschedulewilllaunchwithSuperBaseballWeek,fiveconsecutivedaysofgamesfeaturingsomeofbaseball'stopstarsincludingMikeTrout,FranciscoLindor,KrisBryant,andCodyBellinger.Afterthefirstweek,TencentwilllivestreamregularseasongamesonWednesday,Thursday,SaturdayandSundayaswellastheAll-StarGamepresentedbyMastercard,T-MobileHomeRunDerby,andeverygameofthePostseasonandWorldSeries.ThetechnologyleaderalsowillbroadcastaseriesofMLBhighlightshowsincludingMLBBest,MLBVideoClipsandaChineseversionofThisWeekinBaseball."Tencenthascontinuedtocollaboratewiththeworld'stopsportsleaguessecuringbroadcastrightsforbasketball,soccer,tennis,wintersports,footballandnowbaseball,"saidTencentVicePresidentCaitlynChen."Inrecentyears,baseballhasdevelopedrapidlyinChina,whichwouldn'thappenwithoutMLB'sdedicatedpromotioninChinaforoveradecade.Inthefuture,withtheadvantageofTencent'sproductionandbroadcasting,refinedoperationalexcellenceandpowerfulsocialplatforms,wewillbringtheattentiontoMLBandbaseballinChinatoanewlevel."Aspartofthebroadalliance,TencentwillworkcloselywiththeleaguetohelpgrowbaseballinChinabysupportingandstreamingMLB'sextensivearrayofyouthbaseballanddevelopmentevents.TheChinesemediacompanywillbetheOfficialPartnerofMLBBaseballPark,abaseballroadshowthattravelstomajormetropolitanareasinChinaattractingmorethan3.5millionfansannually.Inaddition,TencentwillbroadcasttheMLBrealityshowPerfectPitch,CollegeLeaguegames,theMLBPlayBall!DiamondCupandotherMLBPlayBall!youthevents."AsMLBcontinuestoexpandtheparticipation,viewingandengagementofbaseballinChina,itiscriticaltopartnerwiththebestorganizationsinthecountrytoformmutuallybeneficialco-operations,"saidJimSmall,MLBVicePresident,AsiaPacific."WearethrilledtoteamwithTencent,thelargestandbestdistributorofdigitalsportscontentinChinaandacompanythatiswidelyadmiredaroundtheworld.WeareconfidentthattheassortmentofMLBgames,showsandeventsthatTencentwillstreamwillentertainmillionsofsportsfansinChinaandhelpcontinuetogrowthesport."TencentwillsupportMLBeffortsacrossitsextensivecollectionofproductsincludingqq.com,theTencentSportsappandotherplatforms.Alsoaspartoftheagreement,TencentwilldevelopandhostanMLBFanClubwherefansacrossChinacandiscuss,debateandcelebrateallaspectsofMajorLeagueBaseball.  

  Everyyear,familiesacrosstheU.S.andtheUKhangupquirkylittlepickle-shapedornamentswhenitcomestimetotrimtheirChristmastrees.每年圣诞节,美国和英国的家庭都会在圣诞树上挂上新奇有趣的腌黄瓜状小饰品。Whilewhimsicalfoodieornamentsshapedlikeavocadotoast,hotsauce,pancakes,andramenhavebecomepopularinrecentyears,pickleornamentsaren'tjustafad.尽管近年来开始流行在圣诞树上挂新奇的食物状饰品,比如形似牛油果吐司、辣酱、薄烤饼和拉面的装饰品,但在圣诞树挂腌黄瓜状饰品一直流传至今。每件饰品都附带有一张卡片,讲述这个圣诞传统的故事。

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